The site seems to be entirely Hellenistic and Roman and is badly affected by salt. Hogarth dug two pits to 4m depth and was still in Roman levels. Deep sebakh pits reached levels with Ptolemaic coin-hoards of early 1st C BC. Baths excavated by A. M. El-Khacab. The site also contains structures for wine production (Kenawi 2010). A Hungarian misson began work in 2008, directed by Zsuzsanna Vanek


Aly, Jasmine M. 2016, Kom Truga in the Hellenistic Roman Periods An Archaeological and Historical Study (Thesis 2016 University of Alexandria). Available on

A M El-Khacab, ASAE 54 (1956), 127-132 [report also quoted by Bernand, below]. 
Bernand, Delta Grecs, 1, pt.4, 881-931, with publication of Greek decree and other texts from site and account of excavations with many refs. 

In 2004, the site was visited by Penny Wilson, see Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 85-8, 325-7; id., 2010, 123.

The description from 2004 is as follows:

The site now consists of flat sandy areas interspersed with several excavated red brick structures. At the north is a modern village with an adjoining cemetery and both may be built upon part of the original site. The area covered by the site is 350m (north-south) by 300m, but the largest part of it is a flat sandy area with football pitch running down to the road. Amongst the brick structures at the site there is part of a pavement left standing upon its sandy brick foundation and a pillar of earth; red brick and plastered tanks (perhaps for the production of wine or oil) and a part of a limestone wall. Five courses of ashlar blocks survive for a short length, made from limestone from the northern coast. One side still has some plaster adhering to it. All of this area seems to have been dug out to below the floor level of these buildings and so the site seems very denuded now. There were Egyptian excavations here in 1992. The flat area apparently shows building plans in wet weather. 
There are a number of granite grindstones at the site and the pottery seems to be Late Roman through to Islamic, but because of the disturbed nature of the site, it is difficult to associate particular pottery with specific areas.

Top two photographs © Dr M D Nenna.


Kom Turuga in 2001

Photographs from a larger collection, taken by Penny Wilson in 2004. Copies of the others are kept at the EES London Office