Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Delta Reports

Delta Reports is a journal dedicated to the publication of archaeology, geography, history and heritage relevant to the Nile Delta. The first volume Delta Reports 1 Research in Lower Egypt was published in 2009 and edited by Donald Redford. The series has been restarted with a full editorial board and will be published by Archaeopress. Each edition will be published when a sufficient number of papers have been prepared, so there is a rolling deadline.

The publication aims to make fieldwork reports from the North of Egypt (including Alexandria, Wadi Tumilat, Wadi Natrun and North Sinai) available soon after the fieldwork has been completed. Each volume would contain about 10-15 reports from fieldwork, in order to make the material immediately accessible to other archaeologists and interested parties. There is no limit on time-period and historical and heritage material will also be accepted. The volumes will be edited by the editorial board and another academic reviewer. Reports would be published in English or Arabic and all reports would have an English/Arabic abstract.

If you are interested in sending us a paper, please do contact the email address below.

Download the submission guidelines

All correspondence and submissions should be made to: [email protected] 

Surveyed in 2021 by a team led by Penny Wilson. The highest part is on the western side, although it is likely that the site once continued to the west where there are now fish farms and to the south because of the amount of pottery in the ditches around the farms. The high mound is made of mud (brick) and is some kind of platform or tower, perhaps in the corner of a bigger compound. Building plans and features were visible on the surface and pitting had uncovered a well to the north of the mound. The magnetic map showed the mudbrick area as a clear grey image but the size and shape of the features were not as clear as the dried ground plans observed after rain.

The pottery confirmed that the site is mostly Roman and Late Roman in date and the material culture was especially rich in glass finds and also metal materials, including coins, and fragments of objects. Many fragments were also found here of different types of stone including red and yellow quartzite, basalt, red granite, tufa, burnt and unburnt limestone. This suggests there were buildings reusing material perhaps from the nearest large Pharaonic period sites.

Three drill cores were made and Cores TIN_1 and TIN_2 show the presence of fine grey sands containing mica at the bottom followed by a clayed silty soil containing archeological material (pieces of sherds and glass). Core TIN_3 was drilled to the west, on the mound to a depth of 5.4m. We drilled it in the NE corner of a sandy square. The base of the core is composed of dark brown clay with some thin layers of fine sands to coarse silts at the bottom. Toward the top of this unit we found some ceramics and a dark burnt layer. The top section of the core is composed of compact dark brown clayed silts, probably mud bricks. The sherds may suggest some occupation prior to the Roman period, but after that the site is all Roman-Late Roman.


Views to north east (left) and north west (right)


Well shaft                                                                                         Pottery


Examples of sherds                                                                         Glass fragments