Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Delta Reports

Delta Reports is a journal dedicated to the publication of archaeology, geography, history and heritage relevant to the Nile Delta. The first volume Delta Reports 1 Research in Lower Egypt was published in 2009 and edited by Donald Redford. The series has been restarted with a full editorial board and will be published by Archaeopress. Each edition will be published when a sufficient number of papers have been prepared, so there is a rolling deadline.

The publication aims to make fieldwork reports from the North of Egypt (including Alexandria, Wadi Tumilat, Wadi Natrun and North Sinai) available soon after the fieldwork has been completed. Each volume would contain about 10-15 reports from fieldwork, in order to make the material immediately accessible to other archaeologists and interested parties. There is no limit on time-period and historical and heritage material will also be accepted. The volumes will be edited by the editorial board and another academic reviewer. Reports would be published in English or Arabic and all reports would have an English/Arabic abstract.

If you are interested in sending us a paper, please do contact the email address below.

Download the submission guidelines

All correspondence and submissions should be made to: [email protected] 

Surveyed in 2021 by a team led by Penny Wilson. The maximum height is 3.93m above field level. The site was mapped to trace the contours and layout, confirming that the higher mound to the south is in the centre of a group of lower mounds while the northern high point is part of a flatter elevated feature, perhaps containing dry mudbrick. To the south of the north mound is an area clear of scrub with clear pottery including many finewares. Because of the scrub it was not possible to carry out a full magnetic survey, therefore three areas were chosen. Area 1 encompassed the north-east corner of the site, and the area of the fineware pottery scatter. There are large chunks of buried highly magnetic material with areas that are ‘clearer’ and some potential rectangular features could be made out. There seems to be a large rectangular feature running from north-east to south-west, with its north end being clear. A smaller non-magnetic feature lies in the centre of the north grid with a larger square mud-area and a linear feature south of it. At the north-west is a parallel row of highly magnetic features. Area 2 is similar but, as the visible surface suggests, there is a clearer area to the south and the mound-material contains buried highly magnetic material – probably fired brick in linear arrangements, but it could also be igneous stone. Area 3 may show a linear feature running towards the northern edge of the site and a set of 3 circular features (two overlapping) on the levee. There are possible linear features on the east side.

Two drill cores were carried out in the low area between the two mounds. Core 1 hit a red-brick wall after 1.80m, while Core 2 consisted mostly of alluvial silt with pottery at the top, then a thick peat layer of 30cm then blue-coloured clays to a depth of 6m, suggesting it was situated in a swampy lagoon before it was settled. Pottery collected at the site was Late Roman in date and included a mixture of amphorae (LR1, LR5/6) and finewares including LRD ware. Little glass was noted at the site and the scrub also hid any other types of material.


North part with tomb of Sidi Tibni (left) and central area looking north (right)


South part looking south (left) and east side looking north