DAI test 1983: Ptolemaic and Roman only noted, founded on silt. Pottery collected comprised Late Roman and Byzantine wares, including an amphora of type Late Roman 1 and an import of Cypriote Red Slip Ware. See Ballet and von der Way 1993 (reference below).

Mapped by P Wilson in 2003, 

Information collected for Delta Survey 16th, 17th September 2003 by Cook, Morley & Wilson. See also Wilson, P. and Spencer, N., “Ancient sites of Beheira and Kafr es-Sheikh”, in EA 24 (Spring 2004), 10-11.

Nearest village: Ezbet El Byad

GPS Coordinates of Points (at least 4):

KAI1: Station 1 N31º 14' 38.9", E30º 42' 07.4" 
KAI2: Station 2 N31º 14' 41.6", E30º 42' 15.6" 
KAI3 : Point to north of site N31º 014' 49.5", E30º 42' 07.8" 
KAI4 (north end of track at edge): Point N31º 14' 33.4", E30º 42' 07.1" 
KAI5 (south end of track at edge): Point 1 N31º 14' 50.5", E30º 41' 59.1" 
KAICLB : Column Base N31º 14' 38.7", E30º 42' 18.5"

Dimensions of Site:

North-South 631.4m 
East-West 569.46m 
Elevation 8.53m (above fields) 
Area 359,039m2

Archaeological Material 
Pottery, glass and brick fragments cover the surface of the mound, giving it a reddish  appearance in places. The tell stands on a small platform above the modem level of the  fields and there are a few pitted areas of localised digging. There are two main mound  areas, with a flat area between them and the northern end of this flat area has been pitted  and used as a dump for earth. A track runs north-south over the site perhaps on harder  underlying material. At the eastern side, the ditch at the edge of the site had recently been  cleaned out and a quantity of well preserved pottery was found here, including one  distinctive amphora spike. The pottery on the surface was much affected by salt erosion  on its under sides. One fragment of granite was noted on the main mound and a column  base was found at the north-western edge of the site, measuring about 2m by 2m. It has a  square base, with a graduated circle in the centre and is half buried in the ground.

Some distinctive pottery was found in the ditch digging noted above, including an amphora spike perhaps dating to the 4th-5th century AD (Lawall, in S.Herbert and A. Berlin, Excavation at Coptos in Upper Egypt, Portsmouth, Rhode Island, p.178-9 no.58).  The site was visited as part of the Buto Regional Survey and a short report published by P. Ballet and T.von der Way, in MDAIK 49 (1993),12-13, as site 3, Kom el-Sheikh Ismail. They dug three trenches to collect pottery and estimated that the site did not go back before the Ptolemaic period. Most of the material they found was 'copto-byzantine' in date (Late Roman D, Late Roman 1) and thus 4th-8th century AD. This provides a useful point of reference with the other surveyed sites. See also MDAIK 40, 323f.

Diagnostic Types 
Amphora spike noted above. 
Handle of juglet with rim, in fine Nile silt ware. 
Large cooking bowl, with squared off rim and burnt black on outside. 
Base of amphora, possibly Late Roman 4 type (see CCE 6, no.120 Dendera survey). 
Pie crust and ridged rim bowl rims of at least four different types, probably from  casseroles and cooking pots. 
Long neck from flask (?) 
Top of bottle/flagon, painted yellow/cream on inside. 
Imported wares noted, including yellow type with shell and small black particles. 
Large bucket base, in coarse Nile silt ware. 
Rim with horizontal handle attached (cf. CCE 6 no.203 from Dendera, 5th-9th century AD). 
ARS/ERS large plate fragment, but rather burnt and so dark brown in colour. 
Painted rim fragment with white base paint and purple/brown lines.

Other Finds 
Glass - green and brown, including a small delicate goblet fragment. 
A melted dark blue fragment. 
One medium sized bronze coin, quite heavy, but totally corroded.

Other Comments: Two iron survey spikes were set into concrete at the site at Station 1 and Station 2.

Column-base on the surface of the mound in 2003 (P. Wilson)

See Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 215-18, 415-22; also P Ballet and T von der Way, in MDAIK 49 (1993), 12-13, Fig 6, nos. 36-38.