Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Delta Reports

Delta Reports is a journal dedicated to the publication of archaeology, geography, history and heritage relevant to the Nile Delta. The first volume Delta Reports 1 Research in Lower Egypt was published in 2009 and edited by Donald Redford. The series has been restarted with a full editorial board and will be published by Archaeopress. Each edition will be published when a sufficient number of papers have been prepared, so there is a rolling deadline.

The publication aims to make fieldwork reports from the North of Egypt (including Alexandria, Wadi Tumilat, Wadi Natrun and North Sinai) available soon after the fieldwork has been completed. Each volume would contain about 10-15 reports from fieldwork, in order to make the material immediately accessible to other archaeologists and interested parties. There is no limit on time-period and historical and heritage material will also be accepted. The volumes will be edited by the editorial board and another academic reviewer. Reports would be published in English or Arabic and all reports would have an English/Arabic abstract.

If you are interested in sending us a paper, please do contact the email address below.

Download the submission guidelines

All correspondence and submissions should be made to: [email protected] 

This site was surveyed in 2022 by a team led by P. Wilson. The mound is now (2022) 267m from northwest to southeast and a maximum of 120m wide; it is linear and rises to a height of 4.2m above the surrounding area, covering 2.77 hectares. The surface is brown in colour but shows as redder at the edges and there is a pathway running through the centre of the site from north-west to south-east. There are low mounds on both sides of the pathway, with some gullies particularly visible on the western side and in the north-eastern corner. There are some areas covered with bushes on the east and some water-filled areas to the north. There are potential structural features along the western side but because of the gullies the patterns of the structures are not clear. The magnetic survey showed that the built alignment of the site is from northwest to the southeast. Numerous linear structures were detected by the magnetometry, which was effective because there is less red brick lying on the surface than on other sites in the Kafr el-Sheikh area. The survey showed that the low mound clearly has important archaeological remains still extant.

      Views of the western side of the mound

The pottery from the site was eroded and degraded when found on the surface, but better preserved in fresh dredging or digging. The material was mostly Late Roman in date with the usual types of Late Roman 1/ and 7 amphora ad Late Roman 5/6 types also. There were a noticeable number of Amphore égyptiennes Type 3 which may suggest a date in the early Roman period. There were coarseware mortars and basins, along with casserole vessel rims and handles and a number of finewares including orange slipwares with embossed patterns on the outside and some Egyptian red slip wares. Glass fragments were quite numerous on the site from bowls and cups and some showing signs of having been re-melted. A tufa fragment of a grinding stone or mortar was found along with evidence for burnt limestone. The good result from the magnetic survey may indicate that the site does not have deep layers of archaeological stratigraphy, but the pottery suggests that it goes back to the early Roman period and flourished in the Late Roman period.

       Pottery and glass