Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Delta Reports

Delta Reports is a journal dedicated to the publication of archaeology, geography, history and heritage relevant to the Nile Delta. The first volume Delta Reports 1 Research in Lower Egypt was published in 2009 and edited by Donald Redford. The series has been restarted with a full editorial board and will be published by Archaeopress. Each edition will be published when a sufficient number of papers have been prepared, so there is a rolling deadline.

The publication aims to make fieldwork reports from the North of Egypt (including Alexandria, Wadi Tumilat, Wadi Natrun and North Sinai) available soon after the fieldwork has been completed. Each volume would contain about 10-15 reports from fieldwork, in order to make the material immediately accessible to other archaeologists and interested parties. There is no limit on time-period and historical and heritage material will also be accepted. The volumes will be edited by the editorial board and another academic reviewer. Reports would be published in English or Arabic and all reports would have an English/Arabic abstract.

If you are interested in sending us a paper, please do contact the email address below.

Download the submission guidelines

All correspondence and submissions should be made to: [email protected] 

Surveyed in 2022 by a team led by P.Wilson. The site is 270m from north to south and 290m from east to west, it covers 6.17 hectares and is 3m above the level of the fields. In the Corona imagery (18 Nov 1968), the site is quite prominent in an area that had not yet been redeveloped.

Kom Siaq has straight-cut sides so that it is trapezoidal in shape with a main 'mound' area on the north-western side and a lower sloping side to the south. There is a path which bisects the site, going from north to south. The western side of the site has two low mounds with the northern part cut by gullies down the western side and an area of 40m x 120m that has been filled with water at times. The eastern part of the mound has gently sloping sides with some burnet areas of black and red colour observable where the surface has been removed. There is a flatter area to the north-east and another pool of water to the south east. The surface of the site is dark brown and there are traces of structures on the site with some linear features, circular features and differential drying patterns showing clearly on the ground and in satellite images. The rectangular features are of different sizes, but some are isolated; while other rectangular features seem to make up parts of bigger structures. The orientation of the features is according to the cardinal points, mostly, although one structure in the north seems to be lying north-east to south-west.

         The surface of Kom Saieq in 2022                                       The east side of Kom Saieq

Magnetic survey: it was possible to lay out seven 40 x 40m grids at the site for the magnetic survey on the southern mound. As there was not so much red brick or pottery lying on the site, the results were quite promising. A large rectangular structure could be noted, about 40m in length and 20m in width lying across the south of the gridded area and oriented north-west to south-east. It contained other rectangular structures and may have had buildings along its western edge. A number of features lay along the western side of the gridded area, some showing up as rectangular other as circular.

Pottery and Dating: the Kom Siaq pottery and glass was all contemporary and dated to the Late Roman period, including LR5/6 amphora rims, handles and bases, as well as bases from AE3 type amphoras and LR7/1 amphora rims, handles and necks as well as casseroles and basins with incised swirling patterns. There was modern glass mixed in amongst the ancient material, but some small bottles and bowls were identified from rims, bases and necks.

Late Roman amphora