Polish-Slovak Archaeological Mission in Tell el-Retaba: 

In 2009, the 3rd season of the Polish Mission directed by Dr. Slawomir Rzepka and Dr. Jozef Hudec, was plannd to continue excavations in 2 areas in which they werestarted in 2008: on the northern defence wall of the Ramesside fortress, and in N-W part of the site, where a domestic architecture from the time of Third Intermediate Period was discovered. However, several days after the beginning of the fieldwork we were informed about the planned construction of the second line of the road running through the site. This project will cause a significant damage to the site, therefore the mission concentrated on rescue excavations on the endangered area. Discovery of a series of well datable infant burials proved that the earliest fortifications documented by Petrie (his 'Wall 1') do not belong to the Hyksos period, but to the late 18th-early 19th Dynasty. Also excavated was a fragment of an ancient road (in use since the late NK till the TIP) leading from the migdol toward the centre of the fortress. It seems that the area south of this road served a domestic purpose and was covered by houses of significant size, of which at least some had more than one floor, while north of the road there was a kind of industrial area. Work has continued with additional discoveries of the Second Intermediate Period and New Kingdom. 


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Rzepka, S and Gorka, K., 'Infant burials from Tell el-Retaba', MDAIK 67 (2011), 93-100.  
Wodzinska, A.,'Tell el-Retaba 2008: the pottery', PAM 20 (Research 2008), 146-52. Warsaw, 2011.
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Rzepka, S., Nour el-Din, M., Wodzinska, A. and Jarmuzek, L., 'Egyptian Mission Rescue Excavations in Tell el-Retaba. Part 1: New Kingdom Remains', Ägypten und Levante 22/3 (2012-13), 253-87.
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Hamdy  el-Elimi, F., and Nour el-Din, M., 'La tombe no 16 de Tell el-Retaba', BIFAO 114, (2014), 227-44.
Rzepka, S., Hudec, J., Wodzinska, A., Jarmuzek, L. Hulkova, L., Dubcova, V., Piorun, M. and Seföakova, A., 'Tell el-Retaba from the Second Intermediate Period till the Late Period. Results of the Polish-Slovak Archaeological Mission, Seasons 2011-2012', Ägypten und Levante 24 (2014), 39-120.
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Grezak, A., 'Preliminary Excavation Reports: Tell el-Retaba, Polish-Slovak Mission. Ramesside and Third Intermediate Period Bone Remains from Tell el-Retaba', Ägypten und Levante 25 (2015), 167-174.
Nour el-Din, M., Hulková, L., Rzepka, S., Hudec, J. et al., 'Tell el-Retaba 2014 - 2015', PAM 25 (2016), 193-226.
Rzepka, S. et al., 'Tell el-Retaba: season 2016', PAM 26/1, (2017), 107–134.
Sefcaková, A., Hudec, H. and Wodzinksa, A., 'Egyptian Mission Rescue Excavations in Tell el-Retaba. Part 2: The Second Intermediate Period Cemetery', Ägypten und Levante 26 (2016), 75-114.
Rzepka, S. et al., ‘From Hyksos Tombs to Late Period Tower Houses. Tell el-Retaba - Seasons 2015–2016’,  Ägypten und Levante 27 (2017), 19-86.
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Rzepka, S. and Hudec, J.  et al., 'Preliminary Excavation Reports: Tell el-Retaba, Polish-Slovak Mission. From Hyksos Settlers to Ottoman Pipe Smokers. Tell el-Retaba 2014', Ägypten und Levante 25 (2015), 97-166.
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