Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 


Left, the mound in 1968 (CORONA Image - USGS); right, the mound in 2016 (Google Earth)

This once large mound is now represented by individual portions which have survived, but the attrition of the site can be seen from the satellite photographs above. The north-east part is covered by a modern cemetery, extending as far as the current edge of the cultivation, the advance of which into the site can be seen from the the new fields laid out within a boundary line which marks the former eastern limit of the mound. This boundary has been preserved by a track lined with trees. To the north of the cemetery mound the cutivation curves in to take a substantial piece out of the tell. West of the cemetery the ancient mound survives as archaeological land with an patchy cover of vegetation. On the west the mound continues northwards for some 200m beyond he cemetery, as far as a small cluster of houses. To the west of the main mound is another area, marked by uncultivated land with wild vegetation, and what appear to be a couple of cratered areas where earth may have been removed.

This zone is separated from the main tell by a strip of cultivation which has been created by levelling some of the site. The south limit of this area is marked by a small village, the east part of which stands on the mound. To the east of this settlement is another large area of the tell with coarse plant growth.This part of the mound continues to the south side of an irrigation canal which has cut through the site from west to east. The part south of the canal was very extensive, but it has been reduced by the levelling of areas to new fields. This process has split off the southernmost parts of the ancient mound by the introduction of field-plots from the west. The south-eastern quadrant of the site extends some 380m south of the canal, but the straightness of the south edge indicates that there was once more beyond this point. Remains of four structures for wine production were noted at the site by Mohamed Kennawi in 2009.In the fields some 250m south-east of the southern limit of the main site there is another mound of 230 x 220m, clear of any modern overbuilding. It is not clear whether this was an outlying site or once part of the main one.