Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

This site was surveyed for the Delta Survey in 2018 by a team led by Dr P. Wilson: See Hinojosa-Baliño, I., Tiribilli, E. and Wilson, P. 2019, 'The Delta Survey: Recent work in Kafr el-Sheikh and Beheira', Egyptian Archaeology 55, 10-13.

It is situated in a remote area some 30 km NNE of Kafr el Sheikh and 7.75km NW of El-Hamul. The name on the Survey on Egypt 1:100,000 (1916) map is Kom el-Nuss; the later map by Bietak gives the name as Kom el-Nisf. The site has clearly been cut back in shape and size to 277m (e-w) by 262m (n-s) as the borders of it form a square within the agricultural land, with a central mound up to 4-5m high. 

The areas around the main mound, especially to the NW and SE of the site are made up of flat, compact mud. The mound itself has a surface of loose, dusty soil with fragments of fired brick, pottery and glass. The pottery includes marl fabrics with turquoise glazes, suggesting that the site could be dated from the Late Roman period into the early Islamic period (4th-10th c. AD). There were also metal fragments, including part of a lamp hanger and some flat bronze sheets, as well as coins, although none of the latter were well preserved. Building plans were not very visible on the surface of the mound. The magnetic survey shows some buildings arranged in a regular pattern across the site, with one outlying structure on the NW side.


Satellite image from 2016 (Google Earth)                                                     View from the top of the mound


Glass from the surface