Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

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You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Name Location
Map ref.
Extent No. Notes Literature
Nuss, K el- NW of Biyala 31 21 40N
31 04 58E 
280 x 250m
123 Mentioned by Hogarth in 1904 as being: 'high and large, equal size to Daba' (i.e. no.269). Stone fragments on surface. Surveyed in 2018 by a team led by Dr P. Wilson. Details and photos SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no.  090146, but in wrong place on map. SoE 1:100,000 (1916); Hogarth, JHS 24 (1904), 14, 16. Map in Bietak, Tell ed-Daba, II, gives name as Kom el-Nisf.
Nuss el Kebir, K el-
N of Damanhur 31 09 43N
30 26 56E
650 x 450 x 10m (2004), but cut by sebakh removal
286 A large site, near the village of Rodat el Moazi. It is one of a pair of closely-adjacent mounds (with K. el Nuss el Saghir, no. 285). Inspected for Delta Survey by Penny Wilson. Excavations began in 2012, directed by M. Kennawi (using the name Kom el-Ahmar) Details and photos Probably the same as SCA Beheira register no. 100120 - named as Kom el-Ahmar (ii). SoE 1:25,000 map 93/555.
Nuss el Saghir, K el- N of Damanhur 31 10 30N
30 27 25E
400 x 400 x 6m (2004)
285 Adjacent to Kom el-Nuss el-Kebir. Visited by Penny Wilson in 2004. Excavations began in 2012, directed by M. Kennawi (using the name Kom Waset). Details and photos Probably the same as SCA Beheira register no. 100170 - named as Kom el-Wast.
Qaa, K el- N of Kafr es-Sheikh 31 13 38N
30 53 36E
276 A levelled site just south of a village. The same as Qanai, noted in Schiestl 2010b, 5.
Qabrit, T NE of Fuwa 31 13 27N
30 35 57E
600 x 500m
233 Visited in  1990 by J and P Spencer: surface covered with Late Roman sherds, glass and fired bricks. Two granite millstones and part of a limestone pilaster on surface. Mapped by Penny Wilson for EES in 2002 Details and photos SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090167. SoE 1:25,000 series, 94/570; ESA 1996 map NH36-M2a; Spencer SA 14 (1992), 536. Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 202-8.
Qadah, K el- SW of Abu Hummus 30 59 20N
30 10 18E
250 x 80m
413 Tell marked west of village on the 1914 map. The settlement has since expanded over the site. SCA Beheira register no. 100248. SoE 1:50.000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916). 
Qadi, K el- S of Kafr ed-Dauwar 31 04 31N
30 08 45E
370 x 170m
396 A cluster of small mounds just S of the village of Ezba Abdu Pasha. Visited by Penny Wilson in 2004. Details and photos SCA Beheira register no. 100165. SoE 1:100,000 (1916). Marked only as a village on the ESA 1:50,000 map (1996). See P. Wilson and J.Rowland in JEA 92 (2006), 9.
Qadi, T el- SW of Zagazig 30 31 35N
31 26 11E
60 Small mound shown on the 1914 map; now just fields SW of Kafr Okasha. In 1992 Friedman and Buck 1992 survey did not locate. Soe 1:50,000 (1914). Foucart ASAE 2 (1901), 72.
Qadi, T el- N of Zagazig 30 44 30N
31 26 50E
69 This location lies at the west edge of a small town, which itself rises some 10m so may be built on an on an ancient mound. SoE 1:50.000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).
Qaha At Qaha town 30 16 49N
31 12 21E
719 The modern town of Qaha, by the Cairo - Benha road. The elevation rises to 21m on the mound under the town. SCA Qalubiya register no. 070109.
Qalaa, El- 4.5km NE of Abu Kebir 30 45 44N
31 42 16E
100 x 60m
679 A small mound in fields, the east part overbuilt by a modern cemetery and the west side clear. SCA Sharqiya register 13050073, as 'Mantiqat al-Qalah', i.e. 'El-Qalah Area'.
Qalyub el-Balad At Qalyub town 30 10 36N
31 12 22E
718 A town on an ancient site. The elevation rises to 25m in the centre of the town SCA Qalubiya register no. 070108.
Qamh, T el- E of Baltim 31 31 37N
31 11 53E
120 x 60m
129 This mound, shown on the 1914 and 1916 maps, is still extant (2020). Satellite images (2020) show the site cut down to a rectangular shape and partly overbuilt by a cemetery. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).
Qamh, K E of el-Hamoul

31 17 40N
31 12 57E

levelled 752 Shown as a mound of some 250 x 125m on the 1914 SoE map. Levelled to fields. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).
Qamha SW of Itayai el Barud 30 49 55N
30 28 46E
260 x 170m
710 The mound, 2-3m high, stands in the cultivation and is covered by rough vegetation. Roman pottery noted in 2007 by J. Trampier.  Once probably part of Kom Rekawya (711),situated just to the SW. SCA Beheira register no. 100263.
Trampier, J. 2014. Landscape Archaeology of the Western Nile Delta, 165-71, 173, 175-80, 185-90, 192-3.
Qanan, T E of Simbellawein 30 53 40N
31 31 30E
600 sq. m. 1987
338 Italian survey 1987-8: Very disturbed with Ptolemaic to Roman pottery including terra sigillata and Red Slip Wares. Now levelled to fields. SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/660; Chlodnicki and Fattovich in CRIPEL 14 (1992), 45-53; id., Bull. GIECE 13, 25-6; Brink, NDIT, 173.
Qanatir, K el- S of Abu Hummus 31 02 33N
30 17 01E
385 Visited by Penny Wilson for EES in 2005: village Kom el-Qanatir on a low mound, but hardly any pottery sherds were visible. There were some deep pits filled with water. SCA Beheira register no. 100166.
SoE 1:100,000 (1916). Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 105-6.
Qantir N of Faqus 30 47 56N
31 50 09E
Extensive below fields
192 Major site not part of this survey
Ancient Pi-Ramesse. Hildesheim excavations ongoing from 1980. Much bibliography. 
SCA Sharqiya register 13120045. PM iv, 9-10. Bibliography
Qara, T el- Central N coast 31 28 10N
31 22 45E
200 x 100m
destroyed 2016
138 Shows on satellite imagery (2003) as a large sandy mound encircled by new field layouts. Reduction in progress 2013; all levelled to agriculture or fish-farms by 2016 -
Qaraqrah, T el- SW of Zagazig 30 32 24N
31 24 39E
675 Also known as Kom el Ahmar. Satellite imagery (2007) shows only cultivated fields at this location. SCA Sharqiya register 13140006.
Qarawi, El- 3km E of Abu Hummus 31 05 20N
30 20 34E
230 x 250 x 1m (2004)
614 Shown only as a village on the SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map. Visited by Penny Wilson in 2004. The site is covered by a modern cemetery. Details and photos SoE 1:100,000 (1916). SCA Beheira register no. 100116. Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 147-9, 370-1.
Qarinein, K el- W of Hosh Isa 30 54 30N
30 15 58E
600 x 200m
448 Area of original mound is large and shows on satellite images. Cut by fields on SW and SE. Surviving areas overbuilt by houses and a cemetery. SCA Beheira register no. 100222. SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Qarqada, T E of Husseiniya 30 53 35N
32 05 48E
450 x 400m
201 Possibly the same as T. Umm el-Hagar (no. 202). Satellite imagery from 2004 shows remains of a low mound with a few tombs on it; now (2020) covered by extensive modern cemetery. -
Qaryah, El- ESE of Kafr ed Dauwar 31 05 31N
30 12 05E
under fields?
695 An SCA registered site, position from SCA map. No information. There is no mound on the SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map at this point, only the adjacent Kom Nefwa (SCA 100123). SCA Beheira register no. 100116. Just possibly the same as EES site T. Luqin (366), west of this point, if the SCA map contains an error.
Qaryah Nawai
(Kom el Ahmar)
SSE of Qaha  30 13 43N
31 15 52E
727 A modern town stands at this location. SCA Qalubiya register no. 070209.
Qasr el Banat, T Central N coast 31 24 30N
31 26 42E
430 x 370m
143 Satellite imagery (2005) shows a large sandy mound, with a quadrant cut out for agriculture at the NW. This mound completely levelled to fields by 2012. -
Qasr Khalafalla, K N of Biyala 31 18 40N
31 12 45E
115 A very large mound on the 1914 map. On a visit in 1997, J and P Spencer were not able to locate this mound. Satellite imagery (2007) shows nothing but cultivated fields at this location. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).
Qassabi, K el- E of Fuwa 31 15 50N
30 39 53E
300 x 175m
248 About 1km west of El-Qassabi village. Islamic graves indicated on top. The main cemetery is on the eastern side of the mound, with just a small row of tombs on the western edge. Surveyed for the Delta Survey in 2018. Details SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090136. ESA 1996 map NH36-M2c. 
Qatta, El- 5km S of Abu Ghalib 30 13 28N
30 56 49E
levelled 749 Cemetery site with burials from all periods. Excavations in 1904 of large MK substructures. Further SCA work 1949-1953. PM iv, 68; Chassinat, E., Gauthier, H. & Pieron, H., Fouilles de Qattah. Cairo 1906. Leclant, J. in Orientalia vol. 19, 494-5; vol. 21, 247; vol. 22, 98-9; vol. 23, 74-5.
Qeid el Gahsh, K (Ahmar el-Ain) 11.6 km north of Sidi Salem, near Lake Burullos 31 22 21N
30 48 42E
400 x 300m
256 A substantial mound surrounded by fields, with new field-plots cut about 150m into the south side. Clear of any modern structures. Visited by Penny Wilson for the Delta Survey in 2012 and 2018. Details SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090109 (as Kom el-Ahmar). Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 259-60.
Qeisar, Ez. K NW of Tanta 30 51 37N
30 53 30E
550 x 400m
19 A mound of 550 x 400m set in fields, occupied by military installations. -
Qinan, T el- W of Tanis 30 57 49N
31 47 48E
45000 sq. m. 1987
164 Italian survey 1987-8: said to be of Roman date, but there is no mention of dated ceramics in the pottery report in Bull. GIECE 13, 22-6. Satellite imagery (2005) shows modern tombs on the mound and agricultural development at the east side. SCA Sharqiya register 13190058. SoE 1:25,000 series, 91/690; Chlodnicki and Fattovich in CRIPEL 14 (1992), 45-53; id., map in Brink, NDIT, 173. 
Qinan, T el- S of Dikirnis 30 57 24N
31 36 00E
173 Shown on the SoE 1916 map just N of the village of Tag el-Izz as a long ridge. CORONA images from 1968 confirm this to have been a geological feature not an ancient site. Satellite imagery continues to show the long shape in the field pattern down to 2017. SoE 1:100,000 (1916); 1:25,000 series, 91/660.
Qinas, K SW of Abu Hummus 30 57 11N
30 12 29E
270 x 200m
417 A mound with the village of Ezba Kom Qinas on the N part and a cemetery on the SE. The cemetery occupies 150 x 75m. SCA Beheira register no. 100261 (their location not exact?). SoE 1:100,000 (1916); ESA 1996 map NH36-I4c
Qirqafa, T el- - - - - see Helmi, Ezbet (579) -
Qubur, K el-
SW of Kafr ed-Dauwar 30 58 50N
30 02 55E
270 x 180m
399 A low mound with the edges cut straight by advance of the cultivation, overbuilt by a modern cemetery. Bounded by a canal at the NW and fields on the other sides. Visited by Penny Wilson in 2004. Details and photos On SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map as K. Qubur. SCA Beheira register no. 100223 (under new name of 'Maqabowereh').
Queisna Menufiya 30 31 43N
31 10 14E
large sand gezira
639 A large gezira, used as a sand-quarry, containing ancient remains dating from the Ramesside period to Roman. Visited by the EES survey of 2005, led by J. Rowland, now directing excavations at the site. Details and photos SCA Menufiya register 080105. J. Rowland, 'Minufiyeh: the geophysical survey at Quesna', in EA 30 (Spring, 2007), 33-5; P. Wilson and J. Rowland in JEA 92 (2006), 11.
Quleia, K (Kafri) 7.15km W of Sidi Salem 31 17 11N
30 42 51E
450 x 240m
245 The mound is long from N to S, with a small village on the N end. The S part is clear. The mound is surrounded by cultivated fields. This site was surveyed for the Delta Survey in 2018 by a team led by Dr P. Wilson. Details and photos On SoE 1:100,000 1916 map and also ESA 1996 map NH 36-M2c, as Tell Kafri ('ruin mound'). SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090174. Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 258.
Quleia, T el- NW of Biyala 31 16 23N
31 07 46E
350 x 320m
104 Site overbuilt by a village, with a high central part used for a cemetery (2007). A subsidiary mound 500m to the NE was test-pitted in 2009 and entirely overbuilt by housing by 2015. SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Quleia(t), K S edge of Lake Edku 31 12 48N
30 10 33E
75 x 55m
225 Satellite imagery (2004) shows this site reduced to a small mound, clear of building, in lagoons of fish-farms. It had been erased by 2009. Details SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Quraga, T 10km NE of Kafr Saqr 30 49 36N
31 44 34E
671 A small town on an ancient site in 1914, now larger. SCA Sharqiya register 13130056 (Quragah). SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Qutat, T el- 5km S of Thmuis 30 54 00N
31 31 55E
499 Italian survey noted this site had disappeared under fields by 1987.  See Chlodnicki and Fattovich in CRIPEL 14 (1992), 50; on Plan 4 in Bietak, Tell ed-Daba, II.

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