Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Delta Reports

Delta Reports is a journal dedicated to the publication of archaeology, geography, history and heritage relevant to the Nile Delta. The first volume Delta Reports 1 Research in Lower Egypt was published in 2009 and edited by Donald Redford. The series has been restarted with a full editorial board and will be published by Archaeopress. Each edition will be published when a sufficient number of papers have been prepared, so there is a rolling deadline.

The publication aims to make fieldwork reports from the North of Egypt (including Alexandria, Wadi Tumilat, Wadi Natrun and North Sinai) available soon after the fieldwork has been completed. Each volume would contain about 10-15 reports from fieldwork, in order to make the material immediately accessible to other archaeologists and interested parties. There is no limit on time-period and historical and heritage material will also be accepted. The volumes will be edited by the editorial board and another academic reviewer. Reports would be published in English or Arabic and all reports would have an English/Arabic abstract.

If you are interested in sending us a paper, please do contact the email address below.

Download the submission guidelines

All correspondence and submissions should be made to: [email protected] 

Visited by Penny Wilson in 2004, who reported as follows:

The main part of the site consists of a 10-12m high mound at the north, covered in pottery whose matrix is sandy and contains shells. The name of the site means ‘shell’ and shelly deposits are apparent all over the site and in the sections as well. To the south west, the lower slopes of the mound have a modern cemetery built on them and the south-east area of the site is dug out and flattened. 

The north-west side of the mound has sheer sides where they have been dug away and it is likely that the original site extended in all directions. It is now surrounded by deep irrigation ditches and fields which are encroaching on the outer parts.. A section cut out of the north-western side shows ashlar limestone blocks, a wall made of sandy mud bricks and shell-filled mud bricks. There are also some fragments of red granite on the mound and a noticeable amount of glass is mixed in with the pottery, which ranges from Ptolemaic to Late Roman and includes some fine wares such as African Red Slip. Additional surveying was carried out in 2018 by a team led by Elena Tiribilli. Magnetic mapping showed that there were clear structures with rectangular plans of different sizes on the eastern side of the flat area and on the top of the mound. See Israel Hinojosa-Baliño, Elena Tiribilli, Penelope Wilson, 'The Delta Survey Project Survey in Kafr el-Sheikh and Beheira governorates in 2018', Egyptian Archaeology 55.

Read more about the Kafr el Dawar survey (2018) here

Selection of photographs of the site from a large number taken by Penny Wilson in 2004. Copies of the others are kept at the EES London office.