Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Delta Reports

Delta Reports is a journal dedicated to the publication of archaeology, geography, history and heritage relevant to the Nile Delta. The first volume Delta Reports 1 Research in Lower Egypt was published in 2009 and edited by Donald Redford. The series has been restarted with a full editorial board and will be published by Archaeopress. Each edition will be published when a sufficient number of papers have been prepared, so there is a rolling deadline.

The publication aims to make fieldwork reports from the North of Egypt (including Alexandria, Wadi Tumilat, Wadi Natrun and North Sinai) available soon after the fieldwork has been completed. Each volume would contain about 10-15 reports from fieldwork, in order to make the material immediately accessible to other archaeologists and interested parties. There is no limit on time-period and historical and heritage material will also be accepted. The volumes will be edited by the editorial board and another academic reviewer. Reports would be published in English or Arabic and all reports would have an English/Arabic abstract.

If you are interested in sending us a paper, please do contact the email address below.

Download the submission guidelines

All correspondence and submissions should be made to: [email protected] 

Kom el-Kharuf, north-west of Bayla, covers an area of 106 x 86 m with a central mound at a height of about 2.5m above the surrounding land. It covers 0.9 hectares. The area around the site has been substantially trenched in order to provide fish-farm basins and the material from the northern side provided rich pottery material, confirming that the site had once been more substantial. The higher mound area was partly covered in fired brick, pottery and some stone and there was a piece of a pink granite grindstone to the south of the mound. The visible diameter of the stone was 100 cm, and maximum thickness 22cm. The area on the west was covered by reed beds and so difficult to survey.

The pottery from the site was almost all of the Late Roman Period and included good examples of Late Roman 7 and Late Roman 1 amphora necks, handles and body sherds. There were also deep bowl rims with ridges, fragments of casserole pots, Late Roman 5/6 Egyptian amphorae, large coarseware buckets and basins. There were a few finewares including Late Roman D-wares, but the preservation was poor due to the environmental conditions. A good amount of glass was also recovered including the base of a lamp.

A drill auger core reached a depth of 4.89m and contained mostly silts and sediments relating to the lacustrine and marsh situation of the site and it seems to be sitting on top of a waterway system, with fine sands redolent of a river channel then covered by firm clays, suggesting a levee. There was no evidence of earlier human occupation from our core.


        View of Kom el-Kharuf in 2022 (left) and View across the site looking east (right)

Pottery collected