Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Delta Reports

Delta Reports is a journal dedicated to the publication of archaeology, geography, history and heritage relevant to the Nile Delta. The first volume Delta Reports 1 Research in Lower Egypt was published in 2009 and edited by Donald Redford. The series has been restarted with a full editorial board and will be published by Archaeopress. Each edition will be published when a sufficient number of papers have been prepared, so there is a rolling deadline.

The publication aims to make fieldwork reports from the North of Egypt (including Alexandria, Wadi Tumilat, Wadi Natrun and North Sinai) available soon after the fieldwork has been completed. Each volume would contain about 10-15 reports from fieldwork, in order to make the material immediately accessible to other archaeologists and interested parties. There is no limit on time-period and historical and heritage material will also be accepted. The volumes will be edited by the editorial board and another academic reviewer. Reports would be published in English or Arabic and all reports would have an English/Arabic abstract.

If you are interested in sending us a paper, please do contact the email address below.

Download the submission guidelines

All correspondence and submissions should be made to: [email protected] 

Kom el Kebir lies to the west of a canal, which may have cut away part of the eastern side of the mound. It was excavated by the MoTA in 2016 and 2018 with test pits dug along the eastern side of the tell, leaving a mound area to the east and a flatter area to the north, now covered in material. The elevated mound on the east may be earth from the cutting of the canal. Another part of the site lies on the eastern side of the canal but is mostly under agriculture and has been for some time (Corona imagery Nov. 1968). The site was mapped and some of the test pits inspected for archaeological material. One larger trench uncovered a building around 20m by 20m with an interesting set of rooms including an enclosed room painted red with steps for access next to a cistern; another with the plaster of the walls modelled to imitate stone facings with a rough interior and a smooth frame; and a final set of corridors in a maze-pattern leading to a room with apse-like features.

Three drill cores were made to the west of the site, to a maximum depth of 4m. The three cores are mainly composed of dark brown clays and silts. Two coarse layers (ca.3-4 cm thick) were found in KEB_2 and KEB_3. They are composed of sands and gravels, whose origin could not be precisely determined. A further core was made west of the village of Umraniyyah to confirm the location of a possible river branch identifiable in the satellite imagery. Two Late Roman ceramics were found in the upper part of the core. All the pottery collected from the site was of Roman-Late Roman period in date.


View towards the north west corner of the site (right) and to the south east (left)


             Building excavated by the MoTA                                               Trefoil jug rim