Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Name Location
Map ref.
Extent No. Notes Literature
Ibrahim Awad, T N of Avaris 30 50 58N
31 49 48E
300 x 200 x 3m
535 Surveyed by Amsterdam University survey 1984-5. Tell split in about 1980 into two by new fields (intact on 1960s CORONA images). Excavations by Amsterdam University since 1988, directed by Willem Van Haarlem have revealed Late Predynastic, Archaic and MK remains. Details SCA Sharqiya register 13120027. SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/690; Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff., 22; Brink, 'The Amsterdam University Survey to the NE Nile Delta (1984-1986)', in Brink, Archaeologyof the Nile Delta, 76-114.
Ibshan Near Biyala 31 09 58N
31 09 41E
89 GR tombs found here and a Ptolemaic statue recovered. Satellite images show the mound is in the centre of the town, and used as a cemetery. PM iv, 45; Leclant, Orientalia 42 (1973), 395; for the statue, see ASAE 12, 281ff.
Ibwan 9km S of Damietta 31 20 04N
31 47 24E
330 x 320m
547 Site located just east of El-Hagga. A large, low mound, cut at its east side by a canal. West of the canal it is clear of structures; on the east there is an agricultural complex. Details and photos SCA Daqhaliya - Damietta register 050116, under the name 'Telul Abu Geriedeh'. 
Ihteita, T
SW of Husseiniya 30 50 17N
31 52 31E
160 x 160 x 2.4m (1984)
188 Modern name Tell Sahil. Amsterdam University survey 1984. Fired Roman bricks and late Roman sherds on the surface. Red granite column base seen 1984 in SW part. Clear of overbuilding, in cultivation. SCA Sharqiya register 13060026, under names Athar Hititah and Sahil. SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/690; Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff.
Ilwani, K 12km SW of Damanhur 30 57 27N
30 23 44E
438 Shown on the 1914 map partly overbuilt by Ezba el-Ilwani. This is now larger and the name has changed to Ez. El-Hifnawi. No ceramic material visible in village. SCA Beheira register no. 100163. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916). Appeared on  1900/1909/1910 maps, EGSA 1:50 000 series, (sheet 50 Hosh Isa), but not on 1993 map.
Ineizi, K el- N of Kafr es-Sheikh 31 16 57N
30 53 51E
240 x 230m
270 Visited by J. and P. Spencer in March 2012, when the mound was in good condition and clear of modern buildings. It rises about 7 or 8m to the highest point at the northern end. More details and photos here SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090157. See Spencer, A.J. 2016, The Delta Survey 2009-2015, EES, London, 31.
Iqab, K el- NW of Shirbin 31 16 12N
31 26 35E
113 A mound 150m long is shown on the 1914 map, but only the village Ezba Esh el-Iqab, 500m NW of the site location, on the ESA 1996 map. Whole area levelled to agriculture. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916); ESA 1996 map NG36-M3d.
Isawiya, Kiman el- (Tashwein) NW of Biyala 31 17 38N
31 05 34E
360 x 150m
118 Marked on the 1914 map. Some 900m to the NE are two small Tell remnants, cut by the advance of fields, at 31 18 00N 31 06 02E and 31 17 51N 30 05 58E SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090145 (as Tashwein). SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Ishfin, K Just N of Cairo 30 10 47N
31 15 20E
51 A town built over an ancient site. -
Ishniya, K 6km E of Tanta 30 47 20N
31 04 00E
71 Already a village on the 1914 map. All overbuilt. SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Ishu, K W of Kafr ed-Dauwar 31 06 28N
30 00 26E
150 x 200m (2004)
357 Site on a rocky outcrop surrounded on most sides by the village, to the north by a new sports centre and on the north-west by fields. Visited by Penny Wilson in 2004. Details and photos SoE 1:100,000 (1916). ESA 1:50,000 map NH36-M1a (1996). Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 47-8, 292-4, id. 2010, 119-21.
Iswid, El K el- NE of Kafr es-Sheikh 31 10 19N
30 59 36E
160 x 130m
A small area of the ancient mound shows free of modern structures on satellite imagery (2007), but the village at the north-east probably also covers some of the original tell. -
Iswid, T - - - - See Azraq, K (238) -

Iswid, T el (N)

(alt name: T. el-Nashed)

18 km N of Faqus 30 52 18N
31 46 35E
600 x 500 x 3m
184 Amsterdam University survey 1984-5: Low mound with northern Predynastic to Naqada III levels. Also OK and MK (?) sherds. The 1914 map shows two mounds separated by a field, a configuration which still persists. Clear of modern structures in 2017. Excavations by French Institute began in 2015. Details SCA Sharqiya register 13120047, under the name 'Qanadlah'. SoE 1:50,000 (1914). See ASAE 2, 59-69, 80 and fig.8; Brink, in MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff., 21; id., 'The Amsterdam University Survey', in Brink, Archaeology of the Nile Delta, 65-114. Van Haarlem, in Dossiers d'Archéologie, no.213 (1996), 12-13.
Iswid, T el (S) 17 km N of Faqus 30 51 12N
31 45 58E
325 x 300 x 3m
594 Amsterdam University survey 1984-5: site partly levelled. Now being excavated by IFAO. The gezira has been traced by drill cores as far as Tell el-Abbasiya, 600m to the south-west. Details SCA Sharqiya register 13120033, under name T. al Abbasiyyah. The SCA list combines this site with T. Abbassiya (our 593) and gives coordinates between the two mounds. 
Ityai el Barud On Alex road, E of Naukratis 30 53 10N
30 39 50E
456 The town of Itayi el-Barud has covered any former site. Griffith, Naukratis II, 81; Coulson and Leonard, COD, I. Naukratis, 86; id., JFA 6 (1979), 167-8.
Kafr Abdu 7km NW of Diarb Nigm 30 47 14N
31 30 14E
665 A small mound overbuilt by a modern cemetery, within a small village. Just E of the cemetery is a hollow where a mound may have been dug away. SCA Sharqiya register 13100079.
Kafr ed Deir 6km N of Minyet el Qamh 30 34 07N
31 21 41E
686 Site overbuilt by a village and orchards. Late Period to Byzantine remains. Just north of Tellein (EES no. 521). SCA Sharqiya register 13140097.
Kafr Gomaa 5km SW of Zagazig 30 33 21N
31 27 36E
676 Marked on the 1914 map as Kom Kafri ("ruins"). Site is mostly under cultivated fields. A small remnant of 77 x 44m still present 2016. SCA Sharqiya register 13030001. SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Kafr Hammam Near Bendariya 30 41 06N
30 59 52E
60m diameter x 8m high (2006)
646 Visited by an expedition led by Joanne Rowland, 2006 season: There are two cemeteries at the south edge of the village with pottery of Roman date. Details -
Kafr Hassan Daoud Wadi Tumilat 30 30 59N
31 51 00E
sand mound
221 Predynastic and Archaic cemetery site. Under research by an expedition led by Prof. Fekri Hassan. el-Hangary, S.M. 1992. 'The Excavations of the Egyptian Antiquities Organization at Ezbet Hassan Dawud (Wadi Tumilat), Season 1990', in: van den Brink (ed.), The Nile Delta in Tansition; 4th - 3rd. millenium BC.  1992, 215-6.
See also
Kafri Abu Helal, T 10km SW of Baltim 31 30 57N
31 03 58E
605 Major water management infrastructure has been created in this area, destroying the mound which was formerly visible on older satellite imagery. SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090158. The map in Bietak, Tell ed-Daba, II, has a Kom Abu Khallaf, but located further east.
Kalabt Shafiq 2.5 km S of K Firin 30 50 58N
30 30 03E
457 SCA dig 1964 not published: photos in Alexandria office: Ptolemaic graves. Satellite imagery (2006) shows a lake at the location of the mound, the result of removing earth for landfill. Coulson, COD, I. Naukratis, 86. Coulson & Leonard in Journal of Field Archaeology 6 (1979), 163. On sketch map by Coulson, in Brink, Archaeology of the Nile Delta, 260.
Kalalba Area 3km WSW  of Ibrahimiya 30 42 15N
31 31 58E
659 The site has been levelled to agriculture. SCA Sharqiya register 13170066.  (as Mantiqat al Kalalbah).
Kalba, K el- 5 km SW of Menuf 30 25 31N
30 54 11E
300 x 175 m in 1912
42 Was two high mounds with low core between in 1912: Arab tombs in centre. Visited by Joanne Rowland, 2006, who found both mounds overbuilt. Details ASAE 12, 202-3. 
Kanayis, T el 10km NE of Kafr ed Dauwar 31 11 44N
30 12 37E
120 x 90 x 2m
100 x 75 2m
376 Visited by Penny Wilson for EES in 2005. North of the village of El-Kanayis are two low mounds, used as cemeteries. Details SCA Beheira register no. 100132. Shown on SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map. Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 91-3.
Kashif, T el- Near Dikirnis 31 14 44N
31 40 35E
486 Partly excavated by Ahmed Es-Sourougi for SCA. Coptic site, progessively overbuilt . Details Noted: Jomard, Description map 35; Engelbach list; Bietak, Tell ed-Daba, II, map 4.
Kawady, T 17 km NW of Sais 31 01 20N
30 36 37E
011 SCA dig 1961-2: Late Period tombs, brick-built. SCA Beheira register no. 100182. SoE 1:100,000 (1916); Leclant, Orientalia 39, 324.
Kayasir, T el- SW of Abu Hummus 31 01 34N
30 14 38E
390 Shown as small mound on the 1914 map, but levelled to fields long ago. SCA Beheira register no. 100118. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916). ESA 1:50,000 map NH36-M1a (1996).
Kebir, El T el- N of Biyala 31 22 54N
31 09 37E
much reduced
125 Just west of "Ezba No. 80". Reduced to a small remnant of  a mound. The west half of the site was test-pitted between late 2016 and 2018. SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090137
Kebir, K el 4.5km NW of Disuq 31 09 43N
30 39 47E
582 Noted by DAI 1983 survey: area of 300-400 metres overbuilt by a modern cemetery and village. Central part dug out leaving a crater. Two fragments of Coptic - Byzantine pottery recorded. Shown only as a village on the SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map. P Ballet and T von der Way, MDAIK 49 (1993), 12
Kebir, T el- 4 km N of El-Qurdi 31 12 16N
31 46 01E
310 x 230m
318 Also known as Tell Surour. Mentioned by Foucart at end of 19th century as a 'long dark low mound' with Roman bricks. 1960s CORONA photographs and more recent satellite images show only a small part has been levelled from the NW since the 1960s. SCA Daqahliya - Dameitta register no. 050204. Foucart, RT 20 (1898), 167 and ASAE 2 (1901), 63. SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Khabiri, K el- E of Kafr ed-Dauwar 31 08 27N
30 09 12E
360 A mound completely overbuilt by a modern cemetery at the NE edge of the Kafr ed Dauwar urban area. SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Khalig, K SW of Abu Hummus 30 59 32N
30 14 52E
190 x 120m
429 Visited by Penny Wilson in 2005 and found to be a low sandy mound about 2-3m above the surrounding fields. On the eastern side is a cleared flat area, lower than the main mound. Details and photos SCA Beheira register no. 100175 has a Kom Khaleesh here - probably the same mound. SoE 1:100,000 (1916). Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 103-4, 338-40.
Khanziri, K el- near S edge of L Burullos 31 21 32N
30 55 46E
750 x 400m (2005)
262 A large and high mound with undisturbed deposits in which outlines of mud brick buildings show clearly. Identified as Pachnemounis by Hogarth. There are installations from an abandoned military base. Details and photos SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090121. SoE 1:25,000 series, 95/600; Spencer, SA 14 (1992), 537; Hogarth, JHS 24 (1904), 1-19. Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 249-52, 463-72.
Kharaz, K el- S of Naukratis 30 45 44N
30 33 53E
100m diameter 1982
23 GR cemetery dug by Hamada & Farid in 1948. Historical satellite imagery shows the mound was dug out before 2004 to leave a small lake. Roman pottery collected by ARCE Naukratis survey included some 1st-2ndC AD bowls. Hamada & Farid, "A Graeco-Roman Cemetery at Kom el Kharaz, in ASAE 48 (1949), 327-49; Coulson, COD, I. Naukratis, 79-80, fig.44-45; Trampier, J. 2014. Landscape Archaeology of the Western Nile Delta, 38-9.
Khariba, K el- Near L Burullos 31 19 37N
30 50 41E
180 x 150m
268 An antiquity mound of about 250m. diameter is shown on the 1914 map, situated in a landscape of inundation drainage basins. The east edge of the mound has since been levelled to fields and a village has developed to the west and south-west. Visited by Penny Wilson for the Delta Survey in 2012. Details SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090169. SoE 1:50,000 (1914).

HAE-IBQ        Back to top          KHA-MAH