Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

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You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Name Location
Map ref.
Extent No. Notes Literature
Gassa, T el- In Menzala lake, E of Dumyat 31 22 08N
31 50 43E
474 Although not marked on ESA 1996 map NH36-N1d, the site exists and excavations were carried out in 1997 by Inspector Rida of the SCA Damietta Office. Said to be entirely of Roman and Late Roman date. Details and photos SCA Daqahliya - Damietta register no. 050103. On SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map.
Gayid, K SW of Abu Hummus 30 55 27N
30 11 52E
160 x 150m
422 Half the original mound had already been dug out for landfill before 1968, leaving a water-filled crater. A very small part on the east survives. SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Gebel, K SE of Hosh Isa 30 49 07N
30 26 14E
630 The area is now cultivated but satellite imagery of 2004 clearly shows remains of an antiquity mound. This appears much larger on CORONA images of the 1960s. Details SCA Beheira register no. 100236. The SoE 1:100,000 (1916): shows a Kom el-Gilla, but this is not the same as EES 740, below.
Geif, K SE of Damanhur 30 53 50N
30 35 33E
now flooded
17 Major site not part of this survey
Historical site of ancient Naukratis, discovered and excavated by Flinders Petrie for the EES in 1884-5. Worked subsequently by Gardner and Hogarth, and in the 1980s by Coulson and Leonard. The site and its antiquities have been the subject of the most recent phase of an ongoing British Museum research project since 2011, details at this link Naukratis online
SCA Beheira register no. 100253. See EA 47 (Autumn 2015), 35-6. For pictures and bibliography, click here: Geif
Geradat, El SE of Abu Hummus 31 04 27N
30 18 47E
village only
644 Visited by Penny Wilson for EES in 2005: This place is misplaced by the SCA Atlas, but is on the SoE map as Al Jaradat. There is a village here but no obvious antiquities area. Details SCA Beheira register no. 100109, placed on the SCA map much too far to the NW. Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 150-1.
Geziret ed Dakhla In Lake Burullos 31 26 29N
30 47 47E
300 x 260m
260 On a long island in Lake Burullos. Visited by Penny Wilson for the Delta Survey in 2012. Details SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090163.
Geziret el Faras, T W of Tell Rak 30 53 55N
31 42 14E
15600 sq. m., levelled
351 The 1914 map shows the Tell on the N side of a small village of the same name. The settlement has since expanded to cover the whole mound. Italian survey 1987-8: Site disturbed by modern cemeteries. Some ED and OK pottery noted, also some Roman. Amsterdam University survey notes ceramics of OK, MK, 2IP, NK and Roman. SCA Sharqiya register 13190102. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:25,000 series, 90/675; Chlodnicki and Fattovich in CRIPEL 14 (1992), 45-53; Chlodnicki, Bull. GIECE13, 24. Map in Brink, NDIT, 173. Brink, in MDAIK 43 (1987), 21; id., Archaeology of the Nile Delta, 65-114.
Geziret el Nisf E of Tell Rak 30 53 25N
31 48 40E
350 x 200 x 6m
571 Amsterdam University survey 1984-5. Site used as a sand quarry until c. 1978. W side dug away up to borders of villages of Ez.Moh. Bey Hismat and Ez. Ahmed Bey Taufiq el-Baradi. Details SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/690; ESA 1:50,000 map (1996), sheet NH36-J4d. Brink, MDAIK 43 (1986), 7ff., 22.
Geziret Sineita

(Sunaytah, T. es-)

N of Faqus 30 49 16N
31 48 04E
part levelled
566 Amsterdam University survey 1984-5. Part covered by modern graves. Three LP or NK mud-brick vaulted graves found 1979 by Said Sawi: one lost by 1985 and the others are in poor condition. Late Roman surface sherds. SCA registration request for an area on each side of the mound, 2006. SCA Sharqiya register 13120050, (Sunaytah). SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/690; Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff., 21; also unpublished SCA report 1979. 
Geziret Umm Agram W of Husseiniya 30 51 32N
31 49 42E
569 Amsterdam University survey 1984-5. A gezira which may have been the cemetery for the settlement on nearby T. Umm Agram. Fragments of plain limestone coffins incorporated into houses of Ez. Arab Darawish, on E half of gezira. SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/690; Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff., 22.
Ghafir, T el- E of Simbellawein 30 53 40N
31 35 45E
42 x 23.5 x 7m in 1987
342 Italian survey 1987-8. Isolated tell, levelled around 1987. CORONA images show a slightly larger mound of triangular shape. Sherds for 100m around tell. Roman mound. Another small tell to NE is covered by cemetery.  SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/660; Fattovich Report of 1987 Field Season, (unpub. MS), 14; Chlodnicki and Fattovich in CRIPEL 14 (1992), 45-53; id., map in Brink, NDIT, 173. Not mentioned in pottery report in Bull. GIECE 13.
Ghasuli, K el- S of Kafr ed-Dauwar 31 05 51N
30 08 25E
125x 180m
362 The former large size of this tell shows in the field-pattern, with all the outer part levelled before 1968 to leave a small core. This survived to 2019 but by May 2020 the mound and some surrounding fields were tested by hundreds of pits cut by the MSA. Surveyed in 2018 by Elena Tiribilli. Details.

SCA Beheira register no. 100131 ('Gaswleh'). SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).

Ghawara, T el- - -
See Fawara (102) -
Ghawet, T el- At Baltim 31 33 36N
31 04 31E
700x 320m
589 A large mound at the west end of Baltim, left clear of buildings on the top. Sometimes called Kom el-Ahmar. Visited by Penny Wilson for the Delta Survey in 2012: consists of a low sandy ridge with some pottery cover, with a higher (8m) rectangular ridge to the south, occupied by abandoned military buildings. SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090133
Ghazali, T el- - -
666 Registered by the SCA under this name. See under Abu el-Sobh, T. (532). -
Gherier, T
N of Abu Kebir 30 51 01N
31 41 10E
140 x 120m
575 Appears on 1960s CORONA imagery as an intact, round tell. Extant until 2005, then levelled to agriculture. Archaic, OK and Saite sherds noted at the site by Amsterdam University survey in 1985. Only fields and a few fish-farm pools show at this location on satellite images of 2016. SCA Sharqiya register 13130061. SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/675; See ASAE 2 (1901), 80. Brink, in Krzyzaniak et al., Studies in African Archaeology, 4, 279ff.; id., MDAIK 43 (1987), 7-31; id., 'The Amsterdam University Survey', in Brink, Archaeology of the Nile Delta, 65-114.
Gheyta 9km SW of Bilbeis 30 22 51N
31 31 42E
substantial in 1906
218 Roman settlement and cemetery site. Also known as Tell Yahud. Excavations by Petrie in 1905-6. Bulk of cemeteries from 1st to 3rd centuries AD. Brick lined graves and burials in pottery coffins or jars.

Petrie, Hyksos and Israelite Cities, 54-64.

Van den Bercken, B., 'Re-excavating Gheyta’s Roman-period cemetery. Some preliminary results on the recontextualisation of excavated artefacts', in Ben van den Bercken (ed.), Egyptian Delta Archaeology. Short studies in honour of Willem van Haarlem. Sidestone Press 2021 Leiden.

Ghitas, K S edge of Lake Edku 31 13 43N
30 15 31E
900 x 290m
226 Satellite imagery (2006) shows a long, thin mound, loosely overbuilt by blocks of flats.  -
Ghizwan, T 1km S of Zankalun 30 33 30N
31 26 09E
20m diameter in 1992
58 This site is located approximately 16km SSE of Tell el-Moqdam and was visited by Friedman and Buck in 1992. At that time it was being levelled. Details -
Ghuraf, K el- W of Fuwa 31 12 53N
30 25 05E
800 x 600m (2007)
229 A large mound, rising 15m above the fields. It has been subject of excavations by an Italian expedition since 2002, see the link on the detail page. Visited by Penny Wilson for the EES in 2002. Details and photos SoE 1:25,000 map 94/555. SCA Beheira register no. 100164. Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 173-5.
Ghuzz, K el- S of Damanhur 30 53 30N
30 27 08E
609 A large tell on the 1914 map, still present in 1968 (CORONA images), the footprint still shows in the field pattern (2020). Details SCA Beheira register 100247. On sketch map by Coulson, in Brink, Archaeology of the Nile Delta, 260.
Ghuzz, T el- SE of Fariskur 31 15 05N
31 45 39E
290 x 210
154 Romano-Coptic site. SCA test pits all over S side in 1999. Clear of overbuilding in cultivation. Already large areas on NE and SE covered by SCA tests in 2004. Still visible in 2016, but no development yet. SCA Daqahliya - Damietta register no. 050111.
Gill, K el- 19km SW of Kafr ed Dauwar 30 59 23N
30 01 14E
370 x 350m
628 Shown on the SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map under name 'Tell el-Gilla'. Satellite imagery shows a circular mound with a quadrant levelled to fields at the SE. Partly overbuilt by a cemetery and houses. Pottery was Ptolemaic to Late Roman. SoE 1:100,000 (1916). SCA Beheira register no. 100217. Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 49-50, 295-6, id. 2010, 121.
Gilla, K 12km W of Dilingat 30 49 25N
30 24 05E 
740 The mound here shows on satellite images of 2004, but has since been levelled to agriculture. Included in Coulson-Leonard Naukratis regional survey, see map by Coulson in Brink, Archaeology of the Nile Delta, 260.
Gindiya, T el-
SE of Abu Kebir 30 42 15N
31 44 28E
140 x 130 x 2.5m
354 Formerly called T Shalalu, and listed as 'Shillu' by the SCA. Stands clear in the fields, covered with visible remains of ancient buildings. Details SCA Sharqiya register 13050067 (as Shillu). SoE 1:100,000 (1916). SoE 1:25,000 series, 88/675; Brink, MDAIK 43, (1987), 7ff.
Gindiya, T (Ginidba) N of Abu Kebir 30 51 22N
31 40 09E
400 x 130m
182 Italian survey 1987: Archaic and OK sherds published by Chlodnicki. Apparently the same as Ginidba of the Amsterdam University survey, listed in MDAIK 43 (1986), 21. Details SCA Sharqiya register 13130053. (as Ginidiyya). SoE 1:100,000 map of 1916 (as 'Ginniya'). 
SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/675; Chlodnicki and Fattovich in CRIPEL 14 (1992), 45-53; Chlodnicki, Bull. GIECE 13 (1992), 24.
Ginn, T 3 km E of Minshat 30 55 10N
32 03 00E
400 x 330 x 9m (2001)
203 Visited in November 2001 by J. and P. Spencer. A dirt-track for vehicles leads right on to the north side of the mound, accessed from the asphalt road which runs from Husseiniya to Qantara. A very sandy mound of large size. Details and photos SCA Sharqiya register 13060021.  Müller, in SBAW 8 (1966), 17 and Abb. 9.
Petrie, unpublished sketch-map and notes inserted into volume, Tanis I, (at Edwards Library, University College London).
Gir, T el- NE of Buto 31 13 27N
30 46 29E
600 x 450m
331 DAI test 1983: Founded on silt; said to be Ptolemaic and Roman only. Drill-cores taken in the 2010 survey by Robert Schiestl indicate this dating may be extended to the Late Period. Magnetic mapping in 2012 showed a temple enclosure and streets of houses. Details SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090118. SoE 1:25,000 series, 94/585; MDAIK 40, 323f; Ballet and von der Way, MDAIK 49 (1993), 14-15 with Fig.7, nos. 44-48; Spencer, SA 14 (1992), 537; Schiestl & Herbich, EA 42 (Spring 2013), 28-9.
Giridli, T el- 7km SE of Hehia 30 38 25N
31 39 14E
667 A small village built on a levelled mound.  SCA Sharqiya register 13150064.
Giza, K el- E of Kafr ed-Dauwar 31 08 21N
30 11 34E
200 x 100m (2004)
369 Identified with Chaireou/Schedia, modern El-Karyun. A Roman site under the modern town, with some antique architecture visible. University of Göttingen concession, 2004. Visited by Penny Wilson in 2004. Details and photos SCA Beheira register no. 100154, although its position on their map seems to have been transposed with no. 100156 Kom el-Hamam, = 368 of this database. SoE 1:100,000 (1916); ESA 1:50,000 map NH36-M1a (1996).
Gritt, T el- Diarb es-Suq, nr. Simbellawein 30 47 21N
31 26 02E
503 Site nearly destroyed in 1893 and considered of little value by Foucart. Maybe elements under town or below the cemetery at this position. Foucart ASAE 2 (1901), 73.
Gukhiya, K el- E of Abu Hummus 31 06 10N
30 22 07E
377 A very small mound overbuilt by a modern cemetery. It was clear of overbuilding in the 1960s (CORONA imagery). SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Gumah, T At San el Hagar 30 59 07N
31 53 30E
200 x 100m
648 A small outlying mound of the main tell of San el-Hagar, situated 300m from the NE edge of the main site. SCA Sharqiya register 13060012.
Gumaiyima, T S of Tanis 30 53 35N
31 53 14E
520 x 500m
186 Built on gezira, a large mound, levelled on the east side for a village. Excavated by Petrie and Griffith for the EEF. Details SCA Sharqiya register 13060032. SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/690; PM iv, 9; Petrie and Griffith, Tanis II, Nebesheh and Defenneh; Brink MDAIK 43 (1986), 7ff. 
Habash, T el- 4.5km N of Ibrahimiya 30 45 26N
31 34 20E
130 x 100m
660  A small, rounded mound in the middle of cultivated fields. It is crossed by a N - S track. SCA Sharqiya register 13170068.
Habba, K E of Kafr ed-Dauwar 31 06 45N
30 13 48E
367 Marked on the 1914 map as a small mound with a cemetery on it. This was still the situation in the 1960s (CORONA images). The cemetery is still there but the mound has gone (2020). This site would be close to SCA Beheira register 100143 - T. Sidi Yusef (see below, no. 647). SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).
Habrash, T 3.5km S of Husseiniya 30 49 45N
31 54 57E
550 Amsterdam University survey 1984. Modern name T. Abu el-Liban. Levelled and overbuilt by village of El-Malikiyin el-Bahriya. Formerly 8-10 feddans. Only a few late Roman sherds were found in the fields. SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/690; Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff., 22.
Haddadi, K el- NW of Tida 31 20 00N
30 47 19E
450 x 320m
284 Hogarth reported this site was larger than Sidi Salem (282) in 1904 and untouched by sebbakin owing to its salt content. The mound is covered by a vast modern cemetery and lies on the north edge of the town of El-Haddadi. Visited by Penny Wilson for the Delta Survey in 2012. Details SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090101. See Hogarth JHS 24 (1904), 15.
Haddadin, T 12 km N of Faqus 30 49 55N
31 47 00E
3 hectares in 1902
314 Located at north end of Gezira Umm Arbein. Included in the Amsterdam University 1984-5 survey. OK and 3IP sherds. Noted ASAE 2, 58-9, figs. 7-8. Listed as Tell el-Iswid (S) by Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 24.
Hadidi, Kafr el- E of Simbellawein 30 52 30N
31 39 32E
13000 sq. m. 1987
346 Italian survey 1987-8 reported some Roman and Islamic material. No mention in pottery report by Chlodnicki. Shown only as a town on the SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map, NE of Kafr Saqr. SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/675; Chlodnicki and Fattovich in CRIPEL 14 (1992), 45-53; id., map in Brink, NDIT, 173; Chlodnicki, Bull. GIECE 13, 22-6.

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