Abstract

Preliminary results from the 2022 excavations in the zone 5 Old Kingdom cemetery in Zawyet Sultan
Bart Vanthuyne (University of Cologne; KU Leuven) 

In September 2015 renewed research began at Zawyet Sultan by the joint archaeological mission of University College London (2015)/Universität zu Köln, Pisa University and the Minya inspectorate. This led to the discovery of several early Old Kingdom rock-cut shaft tombs, which may have had mud brick superstructures, as well as possible remains of badly disturbed early Old Kingdom rock circle tombs, in zone 5, located in the south end of the site escarpment. In 2022 the first excavations were undertaken to document both tomb types to learn more about the people who lived in the 16th UE nome capital. Preliminary excavation results will be presented to discuss the funerary landscape and burial customs documented at Zawyet Sultan.


The Story of Sobek of Kheny – An analysis of the relief fragments of the destroyed Cultic Temple of Sobek at the quarry site of Gebel el Silsila, which recent research reveals was an important cultic centre for the crocodile god.
Joanne Derbyshire (University of Manchester)

Gebel el-Silsila, a 30km2 site in southern Egypt is known as the quarry from which New Kingdom Egyptian temple builders sourced their sandstone. A range of archaeological remains include the 18th Dynasty Speos, numerous chapels and stelae, Tutankhamun’s workers’ village, 81 tombs/crypts/burials, and 5,000+ dynastic and pre-dynastic quarry marks/graffiti. The Gebel el-Silsila Mission (led by Nilsson & Ward, Lund University) has been excavating and preserving the Site for over a decade, and have recently re-discovered the lost Temple of Sobek.

As a member of the Mission, the presenter recently completed a Masters’ thesis examining 300+ limestone temple fragments, and is now a PhD candidate examining 3000+ sandstone fragments. This presentation shares findings from the corpus of limestone fragments from an iconographic and cultic perspective. The well-preserved fragments are sufficient in quantity and quality to enable a hypothesis on the commissioning rulers and Temple activities, in particular the Cult of Sobek.


The Re-Discovered Tomb of Usermontu (TT 382): new archaeological investigations at Qurnet Marei/Western Thebes
El Sayed Mamdouh Soliman (University of Basel; Ministry of Tourism and Antiquities) 

Usermontu’s tomb (TT 382), which was re-discovered in 2010, is located in the hill of Qurnet Marei. New archaeological and epigraphic investigations have been conducted in the New Kingdom tomb since 2010 and are still ongoing. Usermontu held multiple important titles, such as High Priest of Montu, Overseer of Cattle, Overseer of the Two Granaries, and Overseer of the Treasury. With these responsibilities, it is not surprising that his tomb is one of the largest in the area.

The tomb as found in 2010 has not been fully excavated yet; to date, archaeological investigations concentrated on the open forecourt and the first hall of the funerary chapel, attesting to a long use history of the site.

This paper will discuss preliminary results of the epigraphic and archaeological fieldwork with a focus on the tomb’s location, construction period, and exploitation of the funerary chapel.


The Abusir embalming deposit of Wahibre-mery-Neith
Ladislav Bareš, Květa Smoláriková and Jiří Janák (Czech Institute of Egyptology)

A very large embalming deposit belonging to a not yet excavated Late Period shaft tomb AW6 was discovered in Abusir in spring 2021. The deposit was located in one huge shaft (measuring 5x5x15 metres) and consisted of more than 370 storage jars filled with smaller vessels, fragments of textiles, wood, and other materials used during the embalming process. All vessels were carefully stored in 14 layers and arranges spirally around the shaft of the deposit. The uppermost layer (the first uncovered) bore (together with several storage vessels) also for four inscribed but probably unused Canopic jars. The presence of empty Canopic jars in an embalming deposit, as well as the unusual shape and largeness of the shaft and the identity of its owner shall be discussed.


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