Abstract

Investigation of three linen amulets from the University of Aberdeen Museums collection (Scotland)
Marion Devigne (University of Aberdeen)

This paper will focus on three ancient Egyptian linen amulets from the University of Aberdeen Museums Collection (Scotland). A linen amulet is a square or rectangular textile that depicts a deity or a protective symbol in a black outline without any written inscription. Evidence suggests that linen amulets were placed on the deceased during mummification in the Late and Ptolemaic periods.

Three key aspects were considered during the study: iconography, materiality (textile characteristics), and provenance research. The investigation was conducted using nondestructive methods and included a comparison with other wrappings from the collection, visual and microscopic examinations, multispectral photography, and archival research.

This collection-based research brings new information about the textiles (structure, drawing technique) and the context of their journey from Egypt to Aberdeen. These results are a first step in developing a deeper understanding of linen amulets which, so far, have been overlooked and occasionally misidentified within museum collections.


Joining pieces of the past together: Connections among fragments of a Twenty-first Dynasty coffin at São Paulo and Swansea
Cássio de Araújo Duarte (Independent Researcher)

An Egyptian collection under the care of the Archaeology and Ethnology Museum at São Paulo University (Brazil) contains among its objects five fragments that originate from the feet to the inferior part of the arm area of the left side of a Twenty-first Dynasty coffin case. The exterior reveals the characteristic yellow background with themes from the Book of the Dead and offering scenes. The inner side show three parallel sequences of mummified gods on a brownish-red background. After years searching for the missing fragments of this coffin, we have now identified the missing upper part of the arm area in the Egypt Centre, Swansea University. The aim of this presentation is to demonstrate our hypothesis, to bring it to the attention of the wider Egyptological community, and to unveil the possible origins of the coffin since its appearance on the antiquities market.


Religious Beliefs and Funerary Practices in Ptolemaic Egypt: Examining the Papyrus Collections at the Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library
Chana Algarvio (University of Toronto)

The Thomas Fisher Rare Book Library at the University of Toronto possesses a sizeable yet underrepresented collection of over 400 Greco-Roman papyri fragments from ancient Egypt, dating between the 3rd century BCE and the 3rd century CE. Of particular importance is the wide array of illustrated papyri from the Ptolemaic Period, as the notable amounts of surviving paint and gesso demonstrate administrative papyri were reused for cartonnage. While textual analysis

has been carried out on the collections, pictorial analysis is absent and requires examining to reveal the continued tradition of Egyptian ideology and practices in Greek Egypt. By comparing geometric designs and colouration, one can attempt to reconstruct the fragments in order to provide a clearer picture of the cartonnage’s original appearance. Moreover, by examining the iconographic features holistically, the papyri fragments held at the Fisher Library become a vital source for the study of religious beliefs, funerary practices, and cartonnage production during the Ptolemaic Period.


'Who is afraid of …?’—A spell against the evil eye (papyrus BM EA 10563)
Susanne Beck (University of Tübingen) 

The fear of the evil eye is common through the world and found in many cultures. Interestingly, there are only few examples known from ancient Egypt, even if sources such as the Temple Library of Edfu state that there existed rituals against the evil eye. The earliest attestation seems to date to the Third Intermediate Period. The talk will discuss this cultural phenomenon focussing on the ancient Egyptian attestation and presenting the newest addition to these spells: papyrus BM EA 10563.


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