Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

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You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Name Location
Map ref.
Extent No. Notes Literature
Dukhan, T ed- E of Baltim 31 30 53N
31 12 04E
130 A small mound on the 1914 and 1916, maps, but lacking from ESA 1996 map NH36-M6a. The area is now all cultivated fields SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).
Dummiyin, T el- - - - - See Samuni (541) SCA Sharqiya register 130004.
Dundit, T Near Mit Ghamr 30 41 04N
31 18 50E
100 x 250 x 15m high
507 Also known as Tell el-Shehid, this site lies on the east side of Dundit village and is probably a trace of the same site as T. Sheikh Nasreddin. Details and photo SCA Daqahliya - Dameitta register no. 050313. PM iv, 39. See Foucart ASAE 2 (1901), 75; Edgar ASAE 13 (1913), 122. 
Duweichat At Duweichat town
Kafr es-Sheikh
31 13 48N
30 49 07E
120m long x 1-2m high (1983)
583 CORONA images show a mound of  310 x 170m in 1968. DAI 1983 survey found modern cemetery above the SE quarter of the site, with brick factories on the west part. Three sherds noted, two Roman amphora necks and part of a Coptic vessel. Details P. Ballet & T. von der Way, MDAIK 49 (1993), 18 and Fig. 8, no. 57. Leclant and Clerc, Or. 69 (2000), 225; Schiestl 2010b, 4.
Ein, T el- E of Simbellawein 30 52 00N
31 39 05E
levelled to fields
345 Italian survey 1987-8: some Predynastic, ED and OK sherds found. On the map in Brink, NDIT, the location has been transposed with T Umm Zaiyat. SCA Unregistered site no.130008. SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/675; Chlodnicki and Fattovich in CRIPEL 14 (1992), 45-53; id., map in Brink, NDIT, 173. Also Brink, in MDAIK 43 (1987), 21. See Bull. GIECE 13, 24.
Emran, T E of Kafr es-Sheikh 31 06 59N
31 00 54E
290 x 230m
91 A small residual mound, overbuilt by a village shows on satellite imagery of 2007. -
Esh, K el- NE of Fuwa 31 20 30N
30 41 58E
150 x 150m (1996)
464 Appears on SoE 1916 map and also on ESA 1996 map. The later map shows Islamic graves on top.  SoE 1:100,000 (1916); ESA 1996 map NH36-M2c.
Ezbet es Safih S of Alexandria 30 56 03N
29 57 31E
714 A small remnant of a mound within a village. SCA Beheira register no. 100227.
Ezbet el Jizawi SE of El Abqaein 30 51 36N
30 23 53E
500 x 500m
731 An extensive low mound, cut at the NE by lagoons for fish-farms. Some Roman ceramics noted by J. Trampier in 2007, who also gave a length of the mound at 105m, indicating a drastic loss since 2002. Completely levelled to fields by 2014. Unregistered.
Ezbet el Naggar N of Kom Firin 30 52 33N
30 29 43E
170 x 120m
732 Visited by J. Trampier in 2007. A small mound covered by a modern cemetery. Traces of ancient brick walls. Roman and medieval pottery. Unregistered.
Ezbet Fadil el Zawahriya, T - -
649 See Dibgu (168) -
Ezbet et Tell - - - - see Kufur Nigm -
Ezbet Helmi 800m W of Avaris 30 47 20N
31 48 48E
579 Formerly called Tell el-Qirqafa. Major  excavations by Austrian Archaeological Institute. Details SoE 1:25,000 series, 89/690. Much bibliography - see publications of Austrian Archaeological Institute.
Fadadna, El- 2km WNW of Faqus 30 44 23N
31 45 16E
125 x 100 x 5m (1987)
505 Included in Amsterdam University survey and noted as being overbuilt by a modern cemetery. Third Intermediate Period sherds collected. Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff.
Fagi, T near Kafr Saqr 30 45 31N
31 36 11E
200x 120m
588 The south mound at Kufr Nigm. Amsterdam University Survey of 1984-5 noted  Early Dynastic sherds. Site part levelled to agriculture with remainder at high risk. SCA Sharqiya register 13170106. Brink, in MDAIK 43 (1987), 20, 23.
Farain, T el- NE of Desuq 31 11 44N
30 44 32E
1000 x 1000m
4 Major site not part of this survey

Ancient Buto. Under major research by the German Archaeological Institute. A regional survey around Buto was commenced in 2010 by Robert Schiestl. Among the numerous sites examined within the survey area are both extant mounds and erased sites.

SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090134, with northern part as Kom ed Dahab (ii), no. 090171. SoE 1:100,000 (1916); ESA 1996 map NH36-M2a. See Egyptian Archaeology 47 (Autumn 2015), 35. Click here for more bibliography: Farain
Farag, K el- - - - - see Hanash (400) -
Faranah, T el- 10km NE of Minshat Abu Omar 30 58 26N
32 05 35E
950 x 550m
destroyed 2011
655 Remains of a mound, cut to a triangular shape by the advance of agriculture and fish farm lagoons. Covered in test-pits in 2010 and wholly replaced by fish farm pools by 2011. Details SCA Sharqiya register 13060040.
Faras, T el- - - - - See Geziret el-Faras (351) -
Farasha, T - - - - see Maghud (353) -
Fargala, K S of Kafr ed-Dauwar 30 58 38N
30 07 51E
411 Reduced to a small area of flat land with a few modern buildings on it. SCA Beheira register no. 100228. SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Farkha, T el- E of Simbellawein, at Ghazala 30 52 30N
31 36 05E
400 x 120m
334 Worked by Italian CSRL-Venice mission (Fattovich) 1988-9 and since by an expedition of the Jagiellonian University and Poznan Archaeological Museum. Four levels from Late Predynastic to early OK. Details SCA Daqahliya - Dameitta register no. 050307 (location marked erroneously as 050308 on SCA map). SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/660.
Farshut, K S of Abu Hummus 31 03 08N
30 18 09E
384 Site overbuilt by a town and a modern cemetery.  SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Farun, T at Husseiniya 30 51 36N
31 54 38E
187 Ancient Imet and Petrie's T Nebesha. Much of mound overbuilt by expanding town of El-Husseiniya. Excavations by SCA and from 2015 by Liverpool University. Details and photos SCA Sharqiya register 13060043. Map of SoE 1:25,000 series, sheet 90/690; also appears on all other scale old SoE maps and on the 1:50,000 ESA map of 1996.
Fauziya, T 5.5km SW of Kafr Saqr 30 45 15N
31 35 04E
557 Amsterdam University survey 1984-5. Site founded on a gezira and formerly known as Tell Taradiya. Tested by Abdel Haqq and Magdi Saad Salib, SCA Inspectors, in 1980-1 then given over for agriculture. Details SCA Unregistered site no. 130016. SoE 1:25,000 series, 89/660; Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff. 
Fawara, T el- NW of Biyala 31 15 44N
31 04 53E
destroyed 102 Marked on the 1914 map as a Tell of 230 x 130m in an undeveloped region. In 2017 the area was all fish-farms. Name on the SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map is given erroneously as Ghawara. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).
Filus, K el- Near L Burullos 31 23 40N
30 56 07E
160 x 120m
destroyed 2013
261 Marked on the 1914 map as a small Tell in an overflow basin. CORONA imagery shows the mound 300m in length in 1967. A square portion survived to 2009. Levelled for fish farm lagoons by 2013. Details SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090135. SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Firan, T el- 4km SE of Minshat Abu Omar 30 52 54N
32 03 18E
450 x 140m
656 On the 1914 map as a large mound with the old name Kom ed-Diba (see this name above, No. 209). A small part survives, isolated between two canals. SW end clear, N end overbuilt by a few houses. SCA Sharqiya register 13060042. SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Firin, K 10km WSW of Naukratis 30 51 52N
30 29 20E
1150 x 600m
294 A large and important site of 1600 x 800m in Petrie’s day and still substantial when reported by Edgar in 1911. Neal Spencer began survey and excavation in 2002 for the British Museum. Details and photos SCA Beheira register no. 100260. PM IV, 50-1; Edgar, ASAE 11 (1911), 277; Coulson, COD, I, 70-73, figs. 33-36; id. JARCE 19 (1982), 79ff. On sketch map by Coulson, in Brink, Archaeology of the Nile Delta, 260.
Fuqa, K el- Near L Burullos 31 22 07N
30 46 59E
472 x 458 x 7.52m (2003)
254 The site is a large sprawling tell, with soft dirt on the top surface in most areas and gently sloping sides. Mapped and described in 2003 by a team led by Penny Wilson. Details SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090107. See Wilson, P. and Spencer, N., “Ancient sites of Beheira and Kafr es-Sheikh”, in EA 24 (Spring 2004), 10-11. Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 233-6, 437-41.
Gabbara, T Just E of El-Sura 30 49 08N
31 43 46E
160 x 140m
685 A small mound in the cultivation, clear of overbuilding and crossed by a few tracks. SCA Sharqiya register 13130072
See Rampersand, S.R., "Introducing Tell Gabbara: New evidence for Early Dynastic settlement in the eastern Delta", JEA 94, 95-106.
Gadiya, T el- N of T Moqdam 30 41 33N
31 21 17E
160 x 65 x 1m high
510 Once part of T Moqdam, now an isolated small mound. Details and photo Listed in Koms à Sebakh:12.
Galagal, T Between Baltim and Kafr es-Sheikh
468 SCA dig 1983-4: Roman amphorae found. Leclant and Clerc, Orientalia 54 (1985), 344.
Galbat, K S of Abu Hummus 31 01 59N
30 19 17E
707 Site of a once substantial mound, levelled and overbuilt by a village, with a small modern cemetery on a high area within it. SCA Beheira register no. 100172.
Gamus, T el- N of Mehalla el-Kubra 31 08 03N
31 08 44E
200 x 220m
87 Same as Tell el Alamiya of SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register. A substantial mound with a modern cemetery on the top. CORONA images show that in 1967 the mound was clear of overbuilding. Details SoE 1:100,000 map (1916).
SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090132
Gamus, T el- N of Biyala 31 16 37N
31 13 15E
107 Tell marked on the 1914 map to SW of Ezbet et Tarzi. Scant remnants still present at this location beside and under a modern cemetery. Residents of Kom Sheikh el-Arab said in 1997 that the nearby village called Tell el-Gamus was built on a levelled site. SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Ganadi, K 2km N of Abu Hummus 31 07 02N
30 18 42E
140 x 50 x 2m (2004)
617 Shown only as a small village of "Ezbet Kom Tell Ganadi" on SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map. The site is under a cemetery. Visited by Penny Wilson for the Survey in 2004. Details and photos SCA Beheira register no. 100137. SoE 1:100,000 (1916). Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 136-7, 359-61.
Ganayin, K el- NE of Kafr es-Sheikh 31 13 00N
31 01 24E
350 x 150m
98 A long, low mound surrounded by cultivated fields, but clear of modern structures. Details and photos SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090166 (as Farsh el Ganayin). On SoE 1:100,000 map (1916). See Spencer, A.J. 2016, The Delta Survey 2009-2015, EES, London, 30.
Garad, K el- Near L Burullos 31 19 42N
30 54 02E
200 x 170m
264 Satellite imagery (2007) shows a small mound surrounded by cultivation. Surveyed for the Delta Survey in 2018 by a team led by Dr P. Wilson. Details and photos SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090116.
Garad, T el- W of Bilbeis 30 23 13N
31 26 36E
55 This location was already overbuilt by the town of the same name before 1914. The overbuilding has extended considerably. SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Gardiya, K el- S of Abu Hummus 31 04 16N
30 19 28E
382 Shown as a small mound on the 1914 map, but now the area is cultivated. SCA Beheira register places a site Abu Ismail here, under their no. 100101 SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).
Garif, K el- NW of Biyala 31 16 08N
31 04 12E
A substantial mound on the 1914 map. Satellite imagery shows a large industrial complex at this location. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).
Garir, T or K 8km NW of Kafr Saqr 30 50 05N
31 42 10E
 492 Described in 1901 as "a long mound of sebakh of no importance.' This sounds like alluvial mud deposited by a Nile branch rather than an archaeological mound. Now cultivated fields. Foucart, in ASAE 2, 59.

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