Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Delta Reports

Delta Reports is a journal dedicated to the publication of archaeology, geography, history and heritage relevant to the Nile Delta. The first volume Delta Reports 1 Research in Lower Egypt was published in 2009 and edited by Donald Redford. The series has been restarted with a full editorial board and will be published by Archaeopress. Each edition will be published when a sufficient number of papers have been prepared, so there is a rolling deadline.

The publication aims to make fieldwork reports from the North of Egypt (including Alexandria, Wadi Tumilat, Wadi Natrun and North Sinai) available soon after the fieldwork has been completed. Each volume would contain about 10-15 reports from fieldwork, in order to make the material immediately accessible to other archaeologists and interested parties. There is no limit on time-period and historical and heritage material will also be accepted. The volumes will be edited by the editorial board and another academic reviewer. Reports would be published in English or Arabic and all reports would have an English/Arabic abstract.

If you are interested in sending us a paper, please do contact the email address below.

Download the submission guidelines

All correspondence and submissions should be made to: [email protected] 

This site was surveyed for the Delta Survey in 2018 by a team led by Dr P. Wilson: see Hinojosa-Baliño, I., Tiribilli, E. and Wilson, P. 2019, ‘The Delta Survey: Recent work in Kafr el-Sheikh and Beheira’, Egyptian Archaeology 55, 10-13.

The site is 19.63km NNW of Sidi Selim, and lies entirely within Lake Burullus. The remaining area of the site is 500 by 320m, so slightly reduced from its 2007 extent. The site seems to have been at the end of a river branch outlet into the lake and perhaps lies upon an ancient levée system which continued across the lake to a sea-outlet at Mastoruh directly to the north. The Corona satellite images shows the ‘'sland' at the end of a promontory, with a parallel area to the south-east now seemingly lost. The mound was not very high, only 2m at most above the level of the water in the fish farms.

The pottery material has a date range of the 4th to 10th century AD, but this depends upon the inexact dating of long-lived forms such as casserole dishes. Many fragments of glass were also found on the site, with a similar Roman to Late Roman date. The types of vessels included tear-bottles, lamps, small jars and bowls.

Some structures are visible on the magnetic map, including one distinctive circular feature at the north and several large structures to the southwest.


Surface of mound, view to south                                                       View north along the top of the mound


Gully at the south side of the mound                                                          Exposed brickwork

amphora handle (greenish coloured fabric)