Visited by J and P Spencer in  1990: extensive mound. Visible outlines of buildings on surface, in mud brick, and some fired-bricks scattered around. Limestone fragments among surface debris, and a granite millstone, cut from a column. Sebakh extracted and sherds thrown back into hollows. 

DAI test in 1983 found only Ptolemaic and Roman material, see MDAIK 40, 323f., and also Ballet and Von der Way in MDAIK 49 (1993), 1-22.

Photograph taken 1990 ©Patricia & Jeffrey Spencer

View across the mound at dusk. Note the building lines in the foreground

This site was surveyed for the Delta Survey in 2018 by a team led by Dr P. Wilson: See Hinojosa-Baliño, I., Tiribilli, E. and Wilson, P. 2019, 'The Delta Survey: Recent work in Kafr el-Sheikh and Beheira', Egyptian Archaeology 55, 10-13.

This site lies some 7.38 km east of the town of Sidi Selim and 17 km NNW of Kafr el Sheikh. It covers some 553m by 327m, rising to 4m above the fields, and does not seem to have been reduced in size significantly since the Corona satellite missions, although field patterns and the satellite areas suggest that it was larger once. The site has several zones and satellite areas, which should be taken into consideration.

North: an area of about 100m by 100m has been levelled. A few blocks of limestone can be found in this area, but it is unclear whether they actually derive from the material removed. Little pottery also remains here suggesting that the soil has been removed wholly and not sieved.

West: the extreme west corner the site is flat and compact, with a little camel-thorn bush coverage and a modern football-pitch. There are clear building plans visible on the surface, confirmed by the magnetic survey. The structure(s) seem to form a regular complex of rooms of possible casemate construction, most obvious in the football pitch, but perhaps extending over the western side of the site. Little pottery or other material was detectable at the surface.

Centre and East: dominated by undulating mounds, with the highest reaching a height of 5m above the fields. The higher ground contains pottery and fired brick fragments, with some glass and stone; the lower ground is rather empty loose dust and light brown soil. The light strips may mark ancient mud-brick walls which have been eroded more rapidly than the contents of the rooms that they encircle, appearing as raised reddish areas. The high centre of the site slopes down to the south and east, perhaps due to wind erosion. Towards the west a series of red brick structures had been partly excavated. They seemed to be tanks of some description as the walls had many layers of plaster to keep them watertight. The largest structure had a vaulted doorway leading between two chambers and was preserved to a depth of 2m. The red brick and white mortar may suggest a date later than the Roman period, although when exactly is unclear.

Peripheral areas: at the western side next to the village of Tida is a small high mound upon which the cemetery is built – it is likely that it once formed part of the original city mound. The site is cut on the east by the major drain 8 (Masraf 8), on the other side of which the Corona image shows an area of waste ground, now completely occupied by houses. It too may once have formed part of the wider area around the site-settlement.

The pottery and material culture on the site were poorly preserved, except for items brought up from under the surface: LR1 and LR7 amphora fragments, coarsewares and a few finewares, all dated to the Late Roman period. It was not possible to conduct drill cores at the site.

Panorama from the north


Central hollowed out area of the site, note fired-brick on the surface                     Village at north-west of site with cemetery upon a mound


Fired brick structure, with plastered walls and once-vaulted roof                           Pottery fragments, including LR7 and Aegean sherds