Formerly known as Tell Qanan. Visited by J and P Spencer in 1990: the large low mound rises up to 3m above field level  behind the village of Ezbet es-Shurafa. There are a few weathered modern graves on the low slope at the south. Few red bricks on surface, with coarse silt pottery. Pieces of quartzite and siltstone. Growth of sparse vegetation.SCA dig at SW: Hamdi Yusef cut many 3 x 3 m tests up to 3m deep. Sections show mud and sand with little evidence for structures. Finds in Mansura office (1990): Roman bread mould and pot; carnelian beads and mudstone amulet from contracted OK burial (one of several). Archaic flints from deep level. Later seasons produced Late Predynastic and Archaic pottery and stone vases from graves, in Mendes magazine. Further excavations by Selim Gabr El-Baghdadi in 1998-89 discovered 10 Protodynastic and 110 Early Dynastic graves, and 40 Roman burials. 

Included in Italian survey 1987. Adjacent Roman Tell el-Amsa Wasafar, once 750 x 90m , excavated by SCA and released for agriculture.


Fattovich, R (with M. Chlodnicki and S. Salvatori), Italian Archaeological Mission to the Eastern Nile Delta, Egypt. Report of 1987 Field Season. Unpublished MS1987, 10,95.

Chlodnicki and Fattovich in CRIPEL 14 (1992), 45-53; and id., map in Brink, NDIT, 173. 

Photographs below taken in 1990. © Patricia & Jeffrey Spencer

Edge of the mound behind the village of Shurafa 

SCA excavations 1990 (Hamdi Youssef)

Surface with excavation dumps