Excavation by F.L. Griffith in 1887-1888 revealed Ptolemaic blocks from a temple of Hathor (Griffith, F.L. 1890, The Antiquities of Tell el Yahûdîyeh and Miscellaneous Work in Lower Egypt During the Years 1887-1888, London, 60-4). Sacred cows of Hathor were buried at the site. Rescue excavation carried out in 1970s by the Egyptian Antiquities Organization, in advance of the construction of a canal that has bisected the site, found burials from a long sequence of historical periods. The earliest tombs date from the Old Kingdom, but the site is best-known for the many burials of the Graeco-Roman period with their characteristic stelae, some of which exhibit a blending of Graeco-Roman and Egyptian motifs.

See PM IV, 67-8; Edgar, 'Tombs at Abou Billou', ASAE 7, 143-4; Farid, S., 'Preliminary report on the excavations of the Antiquities Department at Kom Abou Billo, ASAE 61, 21-6.

A block of Ptolemy I from the temple at Kom Abu Billo (British Museum)

French work at Billo since 2012 (IFAO + Université de Lille 3). New plan of site made 2012-13. Site goes back to OK, with MK, NK, THIP & LP [cemeteries]. Ptol temple blocks. Preserved houses all Roman. Ceramics from LP to Roman collected. See Dhennin, S., Marchand, S., Marchand, J. & Simony A., 'Prospection archeologique de Kom Abou Billou/Terenuthis (Delta) - 2013', in Bulletin de liaison de la céramique Egyptienne 24 (2013), 51-68.

Dhennin, S., 'Mefkat, Terenouthis, Kom Abou Billou: nouvelles recherches archéologiques à l'ouest du delta', BSFE 189, (2014), 8-25; id., 'Terenouthis - Kom Abou Billou: une ville et sa nécropole’, BIFAO 111 (2011), 105-128; id., 'An Egyptian Animal Cemetery in a Greek Town', EA 33 (Autumn 2008), 12-14.

Le Roy, M., Picavet, P. and Dhennin, S. 2018, 'La dernière phase d’occupation de la nécropole de Kôm Abou Billou. Données archéologiques et anthropologiques inédites', BIFAO 118, 269-282.

Wagdy Abd El-Ghaffar. M. and El-Ebiary Hassan, A., 'New Funerary Stelae from Kom Abou Bellou', BIFAO 111 (2011), 371-384.

See also data from IFAO