Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Delta Reports

Delta Reports is a journal dedicated to the publication of archaeology, geography, history and heritage relevant to the Nile Delta. The first volume Delta Reports 1 Research in Lower Egypt was published in 2009 and edited by Donald Redford. The series has been restarted with a full editorial board and will be published by Archaeopress. Each edition will be published when a sufficient number of papers have been prepared, so there is a rolling deadline.

The publication aims to make fieldwork reports from the North of Egypt (including Alexandria, Wadi Tumilat, Wadi Natrun and North Sinai) available soon after the fieldwork has been completed. Each volume would contain about 10-15 reports from fieldwork, in order to make the material immediately accessible to other archaeologists and interested parties. There is no limit on time-period and historical and heritage material will also be accepted. The volumes will be edited by the editorial board and another academic reviewer. Reports would be published in English or Arabic and all reports would have an English/Arabic abstract.

If you are interested in sending us a paper, please do contact the email address below.

Download the submission guidelines

All correspondence and submissions should be made to: [email protected] 

Excavation by F.L. Griffith in 1887-1888 revealed Ptolemaic blocks from a temple of Hathor (Griffith, F.L. 1890, The Antiquities of Tell el Yahûdîyeh and Miscellaneous Work in Lower Egypt During the Years 1887-1888, London, 60-4). Sacred cows of Hathor were buried at the site. Rescue excavation carried out in 1970s by the Egyptian Antiquities Organization, in advance of the construction of a canal that has bisected the site, found burials from a long sequence of historical periods. The earliest tombs date from the Old Kingdom, but the site is best-known for the many burials of the Graeco-Roman period with their characteristic stelae, some of which exhibit a blending of Graeco-Roman and Egyptian motifs.

See PM IV, 67-8; Edgar, 'Tombs at Abou Billou', ASAE 7, 143-4; Farid, S., 'Preliminary report on the excavations of the Antiquities Department at Kom Abou Billo, ASAE 61, 21-6.

A block of Ptolemy I from the temple at Kom Abu Billo (British Museum)

French work at Billo since 2012 (IFAO + Université de Lille 3). New plan of site made 2012-13. Site goes back to OK, with MK, NK, THIP & LP [cemeteries]. Ptol temple blocks. Preserved houses all Roman. Ceramics from LP to Roman collected. See Dhennin, S., Marchand, S., Marchand, J. & Simony A., 'Prospection archeologique de Kom Abou Billou/Terenuthis (Delta) - 2013', in Bulletin de liaison de la céramique Egyptienne 24 (2013), 51-68.

Dhennin, S., 'Mefkat, Terenouthis, Kom Abou Billou: nouvelles recherches archéologiques à l'ouest du delta', BSFE 189, (2014), 8-25; id., 'Terenouthis - Kom Abou Billou: une ville et sa nécropole’, BIFAO 111 (2011), 105-128; id., 'An Egyptian Animal Cemetery in a Greek Town', EA 33 (Autumn 2008), 12-14.

Dhennin, S. and Marchand, J., 'Kom Abou Billou', in Rapport d'activité 2016-2017, Suppl. au BIFAO 117, 2018, 83-91.    

Le Roy, M., Picavet, P. and Dhennin, S. 2018, 'La dernière phase d’occupation de la nécropole de Kôm Abou Billou. Données archéologiques et anthropologiques inédites', BIFAO 118, 269-282.

Wagdy Abd El-Ghaffar. M. and El-Ebiary Hassan, A., 'New Funerary Stelae from Kom Abou Bellou', BIFAO 111 (2011), 371-384.

See also data from IFAO