Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: http://community.dur.ac.uk/penelope.wilson/Delta/Survey.html 

Penny Wilson reported on this site in 2004-5 as follows: 

The site is relatively clear and consists of a flat area with three main small mounds. There are two flat sandy mounds which are clear of plant growth and a higher, ridge-like dark mud mound, which may be the remnant of something made from mud brick. This is covered in small bushes and scrub which extends down into the dug out areas between the mounds. In the south-eastern section there are the stumps of palm trees as well as signs of sebakh digging. The highest mound is about 6-7m above the level of the fields and is best seen from the fields to the south where there is a sheer section containing a considerable amount of pottery and also some burials in pottery coffins. The pottery in the section seemed to consist mainly of large amphora sherds; few fine wares were noted on the surface of the site. The fields to the south also contain pottery, suggesting the further extent of the mound. The lower mounds are up to 2m in height. The extent of the present site is about 160m (east-west) and 200m north-south. A quartzite grinding stone was noted at the site. The cemetery contains burials in large pottery coffins and also possibly burnt brick rectangular tombs. There is one orthoquartzite grindstone on the site. The sides of the site are sheer and in some places expose brickwork and other stratigraphy. The area of Kom Awad has a cemetery on its north-east side which is a small mound about 2.5 m high. 

Drill-cores were taken during a repeat visit in 2005. Three cores were made north-east from Kom Awad village and showed that the shale underlying the area in the surrounding fields, is overlain by 2m of silt which may be cut through by channels in some places giving some grey sand matrices. 

Selected photographs from a larger collection taken by Penny Wilson in 2004. Copies of others are kept at the EES London Office.