Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

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Name Location
Map ref.
Extent No. Notes Literature
Aranib, K el- SW of Damanhur 30 57 03N
30 24 13E
439 Village Ezbet el-Wadi el-Gedid on an ancient small mound. Some parts of the mound are clear of building on the west side (in 2019). Details SCA Beheira register no. 100151 (as Araneb). SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).
Arbaa Ashar, K el- NE of Abu Hummus 31 06 49N
30 22 11E
375 A small mound on the 1914 map, now levelled to cultivation. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).
Asfar, K el- 7 km NE of Buto 31 13 06N
30 49 17E
400m diameter (1983)
279 The former tell is under the N part of the settlement of Ezba er-Rubaiya and shows on CORONA images. Tested by DAI 1983: Oldest levels noted were Late Period. Tell founded on a gezira. Partly overbuilt by a town (2006). Drill -cores from the 2010 survey by Robert Schiestl show the site goes back to the Third Intermediate Period. MDAIK 40, 323f. See also Leclant, Orientalia 54, 343; Schiestl 2010a, 7-11; id. 2017a.
Asfar, K. el- - - - - See Abu Raiya (EES 269). -
Asfar, K. el- SE of Sidi Ghazi 31 12 12N
31 03 30E
Mentioned by Daressy. Not far from the railway at the S side of Sidi Ghazi, but no trace remains. Daressy in ASAE 26, 263, fig. 2. Not on SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Ashar, T el- N of Baltim 31 34 27N
31 06 25E

120 x 92m


128 Mound stands clear of obstructions in the cultivation. Ptolemaic doorway and two inscribed blocks from here. SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090112. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916). PM iv, 1; Kamal in ASAE 9, 145; Daressy in ASAE 17, 277-8.
Ashiri K el-
3 km SE of Tamalai, near Minuf 30 29 10N
30 53 47E
40 Kom el-Ashiri was visited by an EES survey of 2005 led by J. Rowland. The village covers an area of 200 feddans, including the fields. Details and photo SoE 1:100,000 map (1916) - for Kom Barhim. Daressy, ASAE 12, 204. 
Ashraf, K el- 16km SE Mit Ghamr 30 38 14N
31 22 46E
65 Friedman-Buck survey of 1992 failed to locate the site and concluded it was probably buried under the village of Kom Ashraf.  None of the inhabitants knew of any archaeological materials in the area. SoE 1:50,000 (1914). See Foucart ASAE 2 (1901), 75.
Ashrin, K 11km W of Dilingat 30 49 41N
30 25 00E
100 x 70m
633 By 2004, this site had been reduced to a roughly rectangular remnant of an ancient mound, with a thin extension to the NW, surrounded by fields. Historical satellite imagery shows that the mound was completely levelled to fields between 2007 and 2009. SCA Beheira register no. 100246. SoE 1:100,000 (1916). On sketch map by Coulson, in Brink, Archaeology of the Nile Delta, 260.
Askar, K NW of Kafr es-Sheikh 31 14 33N
30 51 06E
150 x 80m (2016)
281 A small mound covered by a modern cemetery. CORONA images show this mound was no larger in the 1960s. See Schiestl 2010a.
Asmun er-Romman 3 km E of Dikirnis 31 05 19N
31 37 55E
317 Seen by J and P Spencer in 1997: the mound is covered by the town and cemetery and crossed by the Dikirnis - Qurdi road. The level rises 12m. Practically in the Dikirnis suburbs. Details Koms à Sabakh:12. See Foucart in RT 20 (1898), 165; id. ASAE 2 (1901), 70-1. Finds: Daressy in ASAE 30 (1930), 90-91; Vernus, Athribis, 90-92; Bakry, Kemi 20 (1970), 22-34.
Atab, K el- Central N coast 31 25 07N
31 25 27E
140 Indicated on the 1914 map. Whole area reclaimed for agriculture. SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Atal es-Shinawy, T Near S edge of L Burullos 31 21 22N
30 45 20E
242 Site shown on the 1914 map as being c. 400m across. Now completely overbuilt by the village of Ezbet el-Gawabir. SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090165. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).
Atal es-Sisi, T Near L Burullos 31 21 06N
30 46 45E
240 x 250m
255 A low mound in the cultivation, overbuilt by a modern cemetery. A causeway from the east leads to another small mound, probably once part of the site but separated by agricultural expansion. -
Atala el Khadra, K NE of Fuwa 31 19 37N
30 39 05E
320 x 200m
246 Mound now of curved shape because of a cut into the N side for fields. Forms long ridges running W-E and N-S. Islamic graves on top, mostly at the east end. ESA 1996 1:50,000 map NH 36-M2c. SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090106
Athar es Saadiyyin 6km S of Minyet el Qamh 30 27 46N
31 21 37E
687 Location is just north of the village of the same name. No traces, only cultivated fields. SCA Sharqiya register 13140096.
Atrash, T el- SW of Husseiniya 30 50 11N
31 53 00E
600 x 480
546 Amsterdam University survey 1984-5: site then being used for brick-clay. Late Roman sherds noted. Brink noted traces of destroyed sites Nusraniya and Maris immediately to the NE of Tell Atrash. SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/690; Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff., 22. 
Atrib, T Under Benha 30 28 14N
31 11 17E
mostly overbuilt
56 Major Site not part of this survey
Ancient Athribis, once a vast mound, now reduced to a small area at low level between the modern flats of Benha. Long known and much explored. Longstanding Polish concession.
SCA Qalubiya register no. 070102.
For bibliography, click here
Atrun, K el- S of Benha 30 20 53N
31 09 21E
48 Satellite imagery (2007) shows a small patch of wasteland on the edge of a town. More of the mound may be under the town. -
Ausim At city of Ausim 30 07 20N
31 08 00E
destroyed ?
308 Ancient Letopolis, buried under town of Ausim and suburbs. Naos of Nekhtnebef found and numerous inscribed blocks. PM iv, 68-9. Finds: ASAE 23, 171-3; ASAE 4, 83-4; 91-4.
Awad, K 3 km E of Abu Hummus 31 06 32N
30 20 08E
160 x 200 x 2m (2005)
637 Close to village of Barsiq (q.v.). and to Ezbet Kom Awad. Visited by Penny Wison in 2004-5, who noted a relatively clear site, mostly flat but with three small mounds. Details and photos SCA Beheira register no. 100181. Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces,138-45, (under Barsiq).
Awasga El- Between Zagazig and Abu Kebir 30 37 13N
31 35 33E
328 Overbuilt already by 1914. SoE 1:50,000 (1914). Noted ASAE 2, 82.
Awaya, T el N of Qantir 30 48 50N
31 49 45E
596 Listed by Amsterdam University survey of 1984-5. NK, Saite, Ptolemaic and Roman sherds noted. Levelled, the area is now cultivated. Brink, in MDAIK 43 (1987), 21.
Awiri, K el- S of Kafr ed-Dauwar 30 56 49N
30 03 22E
300 x 120m
402 Satellite imagery (2007) shows a small mound with houses on the east end and modern tombs on the west. A track runs around the perimeter. SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Awlad Daoud, T 15km SW of Bilbeis 30 21 47N
31 24 14E
664 An extensive site below the fields, but only about half a feddan is registered. The SCA excavations of Mr Moshen Helmy (1992-1997) found three settlement phases (Protodynastic to Old Kingdom), below Ptolemaic and Roman material. A pit cointained some Early Dynastic pottery models of boats, like the ivory versions from Tell Ibrahim Awad. SCA Sharqiya register 13080078.
Awlad Ismail, T N of El-Matariya (Menzala) 31 12 32N
32 01 36E
152 Large mound almost 1000m lomg shown on the 1914 map, on a peninsula into Lake Menzala. Area redeveloped and all laid to agriculture. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).
Awlad Moussa, T 10km NE of Abu Kebir 30 48 10N
31 44 42E
316 Survey by Amsterdam University in 1984: few limestone blocks in fields but no tell survives. Now a built-up settlement. Details SoE 1:25,000 series, 89/675; Noted ASAE 2, 59, fig.8. Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff.
Ayid, T East of T Belim 30 58 30N
32 12 51E
199 Old maps show this mound as an island in the Menzala marshes, but much land reclamation has been carried out. Local people in the region had no memory of any mound (1999) but two small mounds show on CORONA images of the 1960s. Details SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map.
Aziza, K 9km N of Abu Hummmus 31 11 03N
30 19 48E
130 x 160m (2004)
626 Shown on the SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map as Kom Aziza el-Kebir. Visited by Penny Wilson in 2004 and again in 2005 for mapping and drill-core surveys. Old Kingdom tombs found by MSA in 2021. Details and photos SoE 1:100,000 (1916). SCA Beheira register no. 100180. Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces,121-6, 351-2.
Aziza, T Near Simbellawein 30 59 17N
31 37 55E
502 Tell excavated by SCA then levelled to cultivation, SW of Salahad village. Ptolemaic - Roman. Visited by Italian survey 1987. About 100m across in 1960s (CORONA images), remnant of 60 x 50m shows on satellite images down to 2017. Chlodnicki et al, CRIPEL 14 (1992), 50-1.
Aziziya, T el- NE of Benha 30 29 40N
31 17 35E
310 A modern town on a levelled ancient site. -
Azla, Kiman el- NW Delta 31 13 09N
30 19 53E
600 x 320m
232 Formerly a large mound. The levelling of the mound since 2002 is shown by historical satellite imagery, which also indicated that there were two other large adjacent mounds up to 2007 on the W, both since levelled for agriculture. One of these is Tell Abyar (no. 231). Azla itself completely levelled to fields by 2016. -
Aznin, T 6km NE of Husseiniya 30 53 42N
31 57 36E
part levelled
689 Satellite imagery (2004) shows mound remnants over a wide area of the fields, some 900m across at this location. The coordinates are in the midst of the cluster. Details. SCA Sharqiya register 13060044. Site under SCA research.
Azraq, K el- S edge L Burullos 31 22 36N
30 38 43E
100 x 90m
238 This mound is shown on the 1914 map at about 300 x 120m. Area now all reclaimed for agriculture. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916); ESA 1996 1:50,000 map NH36-M2c.
Bagalah, T Between Menzala and Matariya 31 10 30N
31 57 50E
485 Noted by Foucart in 1901 as a site with bricks and sherds. The area is now overbuilt by the north edge of a settlement. Foucart in ASAE 2 (1901), 66. SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map (as village of  "Baghalat.")
Bahnaya (Bana) 3km E of T Moqdam 30 41 20N
31 22 56E
512 Was already a town by 1914. Friedman and Buck survey could not locate this mound, which is probably under the modern town. SoE 1:50,000 (1914). See Friedman and Buck, forthcoming.
Bahr Mahed, T at Mit Salsil 31 10 45N
31 48 08E
323 1960s CORONA photographs show a wide area of wasteland with tell-like features here. A small remnant of the mound north of the town of Mit Salsil survived to 2006. Details Foucart in RT 20 (1898), 167, n.1; Foucart in ASAE 2 (1901), 64. Habachi ASAE 53 (1955), 452-58; Zivie, Hermopolis et le Nome de L'Ibis, 60-1, No. 7; 133-4, No. 36. 

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