Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: http://community.dur.ac.uk/penelope.wilson/Delta/Survey.html 

Visited by Penny Wilson for EES in 2002. A large mound in the lake, of narrow, rectangular shape. Surface sandy and covered with vegetation in places, and rises to a series of connected low mounds n the centre. These seem to contain buildings of sandy mud-bricks. Surface pottery included parts of amphorae, with some imported orange fabrics with a cream/olive slip and a few red slipped and polished fine wares. Also glass fragments and pieces of fired brick. Some illicit digging noted: a circular pottery storage bin had been cleared and broken up. The site is used for agricultural purposes: grazing cattle and limited cultivation.

On the later visit in 2012, the following was noted:

The 1:50,000 map shows the island as having a rectangular shape approximately 4 km in length from west to east and about 500m from north to south, with a short tail to the south-western edge. We visited the area to the north-west of the island, where there was a noticeable hill to the south of an oval body of water excavated into the north-western side of the island. In contrast to Dakhlah Island the surface was sandy, with areas that were quite hard and others of softer, finer sand. The main tell was covered in fragments of pottery, glass and a few small, corroded pieces of bronze. There were a few pits dug on the island, which had thrown up less eroded and larger fragments of pottery. Around the perimeter of the main mound, which had a maximum height of about 2-3 m, there was some material washed down onto the surrounding area. Approximately 100m to the east there was another mound, separated from the western mound by a sandy area. This too had a good surface and subsurface coverage of pottery and glass fragments. The width of the site was probably no more than 200m. The pottery and glass was Middle to Late Roman in date with some fragments of Cypriote Red Slip Ware and glass lamps decorated with blue blobs.