Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: http://community.dur.ac.uk/penelope.wilson/Delta/Survey.html 

Many sherds from thick-walled late Roman ribbed storage vessels; also small carinated bowls in burnished black ware, and large amphora spikes. The open section at the edge of the mound features brick structures, both in mud-brick (various coloured clays as at Firin) and fired brick, and stratified deposits. Transparent glass bottle neck fragments were noted. A pink granite column base lies near the centre of the northern part of the kom; a fair amount of limestone chippings were observed in the immediate vicinity. In the fields near the eastern edge of site are some more limestone pieces and a large piece of unsmoothed greywacke-stone; both very weathered.

Also included in a ceramic survey by M. Kennawi in 2009/10 [under the name Kom el Ahmar iii - but incorrectly, since the latter site = SCA Beheira no. 100119, is at a different location], who noted 'thousands of pottery fragments, glass, and a notable quantity of high-quality faience, around the cut section of the mound, all dated to the Hellenistic and early Roman periods. An example of Italian black ware (Ceramica Campana A) was found too, together with five handles of "Pseudo-Cos en cloche" (Agora M54), a late derivation of the Koan bifid-handle amphorae, 2; it is dated between the 1st and the 2nd centuries AD. This type is common in the Aegean and eastern Mediterranean. Its fabric is Cilician 3. On the basis of the pottery, the site is dated between the 4th century BC and the 6th century AD. See M. Kennawi, 'Beheira Survey: Roman pottery from the Western Delta of Egypt', Rei Cretariæ Romanæ Favtorum, Acta 42: 309-317. Bonn 2012.