Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: http://community.dur.ac.uk/penelope.wilson/Delta/Survey.html 

From the report of the survey visits by Joanne Rowland in 2005 and 2006:

Two blocks with inscriptions of Amasis were noted by the survey in 2005 (see below). Pottery is regularly found by the villagers when digging for new construction. In the 2006 season, some drill-cores were taken here to depths of 3.17, 5.76m, bringing up sherds and limestone chips throughout the core. Another core was taken down 10m and produced ceramic sherds, burned bricks, textiles and shells.   The material requires further study, however, initial observations indicate that the core may range in date from as early as the Middle Kingdom to as late as the 12th century AD.  Some additional stone blocks were also noted in the 2006 season.

In a house in the village we were shown a limestone grinding stone - which is said to go some 60cm down into the ground.  The depression in the middle is probably modern.  In the animal shelter in this house there is a pink granite block most probably from Pharaonic times.  The size of the stone is 1m long and 60cm and deep as we can see above the ground.  There is no writing on the stone and all visible faces are rough.  The house owner said that there is another stone one behind this one, and that it was brought from another place.

In 1934 Mr Fathi said that when the government was digging a canal they found an obelisk and this was taken to the Egyptian Museum.  There is also said to be another obelisk somewhere below the ground in the village.

Talking to the local men here they talk about finding a stone just below ground with hieroglyphs. There are also said to be stones under the ground by the mosque with some form of writing on. Around 100m to the southeast of the mosque some men say there is a further buried stone, which they describe as chair-like and consisting of 2 x 80cm pieces. They say there is writing on both front and back of this probably granite stone, but they are unfamiliar with the type of writing.  A further 200m away there is said to be another such stone, although only 50cm in height.

We were taken to the place where the inscribed stone lay, next to the area where work is currently being carried out to repair a house and were shown the top of an inscribed stone which is otherwise buried in the ground (said to be some 80cm deep and it is 76cm wide and 37cm high).  It is inscribed with a hieroglyphic text including the prenomen of King Amasis. The stone might come from a sanctuary, originally found in the region of Kom el-Ahmar. This does of course not exclude the possibility that it was dragged from another place.

Our policeman then noticed a further stone, also pink granite, which is lying beside a house, it used to be across the road next to a small mosque, where a small river used to be, a river that has since been covered. The block is known to have been in the vicinity from c.25 years ago. It has been beside the house for 2 years.  The block clearly originates from a sanctuary or a naos. It has a 75.5cm deep polished side on the inside, to the right of which one single register apparently gave the titles and names of the king. Once again we find the name of the Saite king Ahmose, son of Neith. Considering that the register found here has the same measurements as those found the stone mentioned above, it is not impossible that these two blocks originate from the same structure.  To the right of the text, one notices the upper part of an arm, to all appearances the surviving part of a relief. See Billing, N. and Rowland, J. 2015, ‘Recently discovered blocks in the central delta village of Kom el-Ahmar, Minuf’, in P. Kasiulis and Lazardius, N., Proceedings of the 10th International Congress of Egyptology, I, Leuven, 101-10.

From a nearby house our inspector informed us that a man had handed him a complete pot which he subsequently presented at the Tanta (Menufiya) office to Mr Mohammed Goma Zahran. This pot was found under a villager’s house.

Photographs: the village and the two granite blocks (J. Rowland, 2005):