Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

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You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Name Location
Map ref.
Extent No. Notes Literature
Abu Husa, T E of Simbellawein 30 55 56N
31 43 27E
400 x 250  x 2m, 1984-5
350 An oval mound with some modern buildings at the centre, west and north-east. Edges cut by fields. Italian Survey 1987-8: Saite and Romano-Coptic sherds noted. SCA excavations from 2000 until 2009 found burials of Naqada IIIC and Dynasty I. SCA Sharqiya register 13190060. SoE 1:25,000 series, 91/675; Chlodnicki and Fattovich in CRIPEL 14 (1992), 45-53. Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7-31, and on map in Brink, NDIT, 173; id. in Krzyzaniak, Studies in African Archaeology 4 (1993), 288-9. 
Abu Ismail, K S of Abu Hummus 31 00 55N
30 18 50E
200 x 160m
387 The mound has a village on the east end but some free land at the west, with a few modern graves on one edge. Pottery is prominently Late Roman. The location of this site on the SCA map is ascribed to a Kom Abu Atya, SCA  no. 100105. SoE 1:100,000 (1916). SCA Beheira register no. 100101 is a site of this name at a different position, or just an erroneous transposition of numbers. Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 156-7, 415-22.
Abu Khalifa, K S of Abu Hummus 31 01 06N
30 20 21E
388 Small mound on the 1914 map, partly overbuilt by a village and cemetery. The village has expanded but the cemetery occupies the same footprint (in 2019) as in 1914. SCA Beheira register no. 100103. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Abu Kharufa, T (Zuwelen) 2km N of Husseiniya 30 52 31N
31 54 57E
 500 x 250m
189 Described by Petrie as a small tell, all Late Roman on the surface and covered with broken red bricks. This mound is distinct from the other Tell Zuwelen, situated north of Gumaiyemi (here No. 324). Details Foucart, in ASAE 2 (1901), 61, 79; SoE 1:100,000 (1916); SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/690; Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff., 22, 24.
Abu Manga, K SW of Abu Hummus 31 00 03N
30 14 07E
200 x 100m
394 A mound set in fields, completely overbuilt by a modern cemetery. Houses around the edges. SCA Beheira register no. 100106 (as Abu Megna). SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Abu Mitawi, Gezira E of Tell Rak 30 53 10N
31 47 20E
1200 x 1000 x 6m
598 Sand gezira listed by Amsterdam University survey of 1984-5 as being free of modern structures. Saite, Ptolemaic and Roman sherds noted. Now (2007) overbuilt by a modern cemetery. SCA Sharqiya register 13190048, under name Tell el Aswad. Brink, in MDAIK 43 (1987), 22, 24. Unpublished SCA report 1985.
Abu Naama, T S of Kafr ed-Dauwar 30 55 59N
30 06 18E
part levelled
404 There is a village here, built on the W end of the mound. The E end is clear but has been dug out for landfill, leaving a large water-filled crater. SCA Beheira register no. 100215. SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Abu Nihasa, K Central N coast 31 27 15N
31 19 15E
135 No traces show on satellite imagery of 2007. -
Abu Qirdan, T N of Avaris 30 49 30N
31 49 45E
Amsterdam University survey 1984-5 reported site had been levelled c.1920s. Small part left under Ezbet el-Quli. Two blocks of quartzite and granite column drum noted. Romano- Coptic sherds. SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/690; Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff., 22.
Abu Raiya, K NNE of Kafr es-Sheikh 31 13 47N
30 58 50E
274 In this area there are cultivated fields, a small village and a small modern cemetery of 115 x 90m (2005).The site may be under the cemetery or have been levelled to fields. -
Abu Saba, K Central N coast 31 26 32N
31 20 42E
136 The 1914 map shows sandhills. All area reclaimed for agriculture. SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Abu Seifi, T (Ahmar) 2-3 km E of El-Qantara 30 51 41N
32 21 13E
extensive, low desert mound
213 Situated next to SCA Centre at Qantara East. Roman cemetery at foot of tell, mound is Ptolemaic to Roman. Site of a Roman camp. Excavations and reconstruction of brick buildings by SCA. PM iv, 6-7; ASAE 12, 69-76; Griffith in Tanis II, 99. Mohamed Abdel Maqsud and Mohamed Kamal, in MDAIK 53 (1997), 221ff.
Abu Shafei, T 500m N of Qantir 30 48 20N
31 50 15E
533 Amsterdam University survey 1984-5 reported the site, which formerly covered 7.5 hectares, had been levelled to agriculture. Part of temple and statue-base of Ramesses II excavated by Shahata Adam in 1957. NK and Romano-Coptic sherds. SoE 1:25,000 series, 89/690; Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff., 21; Shahata Adam, ASAE 55 (1958), 318-324. Bietak, Tell ed-Daba, II, 44-5.
Abu Sharaf, T - - - - See Umm Agram, T (568) SCA Sharqiya register 13120024
Abu Shieisa, T E of Simbellawein 30 53 52N
31 32 07E
180 x 190 x 3m in 1988
337 Italian survey 1987-8: Isolated sand gezira, extensively disturbed by sand diggers, partly covered by Islamic cemetery. Details SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/660. Noted, Koms à Sebakh:11. Chlodnicki and Fattovich in CRIPEL 14 (1992), 45-53; id., in Brink, NDIT, 173 and Chlodnicki, Bull. GIECE 13, 23, 25-6; Fattovich, Report of 1987 Field Season, (unpub. MS), 15. SCA excavation, see CRIPEL 14 (1992), 50.
Abu Sidan W of Hosh Isa 30 54 16N
30 11 48E
453 Marked on the 1914 map as a mound clear of obstructions. Now overbuilt by a village. SoE 1:50,000 (1914);1:100,000 (1916)
Abusir Bana S of Sammanud 30 54 42N
31 14 35E
77 Identified with Busiris. The site is overbuilt by the modern town, and the elevation of the mound is apparent in the streets. A donation stela of Necho was found here.  A few stone monuments lie at the edges of fields west of the town. SCA Gharbiya register no. 080202. SoE 1:100,000 (1916). PM iv, 44; Leclant, Orientalia 43.
Abu Suliman, T W of Gumaiyima 30 54 00N
31 51 03E
300 x 150 x 2.5m 
352 SCA report on excavation in January 1978 by Said Sawi: only some LP pottery recorded. Included in Amsterdam University 1984-5 survey. NK and Roman sherds noted. Tell founded on a gezira and once covered 6 feddans. Centre and SE part completely removed for sebakh. Petrie photo. No. 22 in archives of EES shows a substantial mound in 1885. SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/690; Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff., 22.
Abu Tahun, K- 8 km NE of Desuq 31 12 02N
30 42 22E
Small, 1.5m high in 1983
252 A small mound below a village and cemetery. Tested by DAI 1983 and found to be no older than Ptolemaic. Von der Way et al., MDAIK 40, 323f. Position, see ESA 1996 1:50,000 map NH36-M2a. P Ballet and T von der Way, in MDAIK 49 (1993), 12, 14-15 and Fig.7, nos. 39-43.
Abu Tahun, T E of Dikirnis 31 02 17N
31 46 25E
161 Already levelled to fields by the 1960s (CORONA photography). -
Abu Umran, Gez. SSW of Tell Rak 30 51 27N
31 42 15E
750 x 625 x 4.5m
595 Amsterdam University survey of 1984-5: part levelled, remaining mound has cemetery on NE part and village at SE.  Sherds noted from Late Period, Ptolemaic Period and Romano-Coptic. SCA Sharqiya register 13130059. The area under SCA supervision extends into the cultivation.  Brink, in MDAIK 43 (1987), 21. Unpublished SCA report 1975.
Abu Yasin NE of Zagazig 30 42 32N
31 37 45E
small and overbuilt
194 Site levelled and covered by village. GR cemetery of sacred bulls of Horbeit. Details SCA Sharqiya register 13050084. PM iv, 27. Mention: ASAE 2, 55; Leclant, Orientalia 39, 325; Or 42, 395; Or. 67 (1998), 329. Snape and Tyldesley, Pop. Arch., July 1985, 32-3. Press reports: Al-Ahram Sep 26 - Oct 2 1996.
Abu Zabal
(El-Sharwah el-Madaniya)
E of Shibin el Qanatir 30 16 44N
31 21 28E
part levelled
721 A sand-quarry from a sand gezira. SCA Qalubiya register no. 070202. On SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map.
Abu Zabut, K 5km NE of Desuq 31 10 39N
30 40 53E
3 This Tell is marked on the 1914 map but was levelled to cultivation long ago. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916) map; ESA 1996 1:50,000 map NH36-M2a.
Abu Zeid, K 7.5 km NW of Minuf 30 30 45N
30 52 15E
levelled to fields
38 Daressy inspected this site, close to the village of Deberki, in 1912. He found a fragment of a mudstone palette for grinding pigments and Ptolemaic figures of two lions in faience. Daressy, ASAE 12, 204.
Abu Zeid, K [ii] N of Barhim village 30 29 09N
30 53 23E
under cemetery
643 The EES survey led by J.Rowland in 2005 visited this location, a modern cemetery on an ancient mound. Details and photos -
Abyar, Kiman el- NW Delta 31 13 28N
30 19 06E
being levelled
231 Satellite imagery up to 2007 shows a mound some 200m across, but this had been levelled to cultivation by 2011. Seems originally to have been a multiple mound, as the plural name suggests. -
Adowel, T el- W of Baltim, in lake 31 34 34N
31 01 32E
sand dune
556 Lies just on the edge of Lake Burullos. Visited by Penny Wilson for the Delta Survey in 2012, who noted: This sand hill is almost totally enclosed by modern buildings. The surface exhibited some Late Roman to Islamic pottery and, possibly, some buried structures. SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090131. Shown on the SoE 1:100,000 map of 1916 as Tell Suq el-Goma, the same name as SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090151 (EES no. 606).
Aghnamiya, El- 8km SSE of Abu Kebir 30 39 27N
31 42 05E
682 A large mound in the S part of the town, completely overbuilt by a modern cemetery. A small mound remnant shows on satellite imagery (2005) in the fields 400m to the east, but is not SCA land. SCA Sharqiya register 13050081.
Ahad, K el- SW of Abu Hummus 31 02 57N
30 12 54E
150 x 90m
392 Satellite imagery (2006) shows a patch of wasteland near the bridge over the canal, with a small mound at the S end. The mound was larger in the 1960s (CORONA imagery). The village to the east may stand on the rest of the mound. SCA Beheira register no. 10050.
Ahmar, El K el- E of K el-Hisn 30 47 29N
30 43 14E
30 The 1914 map shows a mound 250m long. The footprint of this is still reflected in the field pattern (2019). SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Ahmar, El K el- Near Tala 30 41 59N
30 53 52E
under village
35 Shown as village only on SoE 1916 map and on ESA 1996 map. Visited by EES survey of 2005, led by J. Rowland. This town covers 15 feddans with some 200 feddans of agricultural land.
Details and photo
SoE map 1:100,000 (1916); ESA 1996 1:50,000 map NH36-I5b..
Ahmar, El K el- E of Ausim 30 06 40N
31 10 19E
50 Now a modern town at this location. -
Ahmar, El K el- Between Cairo and Benha 30 16 58N
31 16 05E
53 This location has been a small town since before 1914. SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Ahmar, El K el- NE of Kafr es-Sheikh 31 12 43N
31 02 27E
700 x 270m
99 A large mound, with modern cemeteries on the N and S ends and a water station on the west.  Adjacent to the town of Sidi Ghazi. Details and photos SCA Kafr es-Sheikh register no. 090110. See Spencer, A.J. 2016, The Delta Survey 2009-2015, EES, London, 30.

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