Delta Survey

A British Academy Research Project

Information on the archaeological sites of the Delta is presented here in the form web-pages containing an alphabetical listing of sites. Where a substantial amount of information is available, or photographs of the site exist, links are provided to supplementary pages. The site-names in most cases are those of the Survey of Egypt maps. The material is offered as a source of reference and a tool for the planning of new projects.  The letters 'T' and 'K' in the lists stand for 'Tell' and 'Kom' respectively, Arabic words for 'mound', describing the usual appearance of archaeological sites in the region.

We would recommend viewing this area of the website on a desktop computer. 

You may also be interested to visit the separate Western Delta Regional Survey on Durham University's website here: 

Name Location
Map ref.
Extent No. Notes Literature
Abadiya, K el- W of Damanhur

31 02 11N
30 25 27E

380 Modern town on an ancient site. SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Abariq, K el NW of Damanhur 31 05 01N
30 28 52E
288 Appears on the 1914 map as a small mound of irregular shape, with an Islamic cemetery at the south edge. This cemetery is all that now survives. SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Abariq, K el- NW of Damanhur 31 03 08N
30 28 03E
289 Marked on the 1914 map as a small antiquity mound, at that time 1.5km from Damanhur, but now the location is next to the outer suburbs.. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:25,000 map sheet 92/555.
Abbassiya, T el SE of Tell Rak 30 50 57N
31 45 44E
123 x 100 x 1.5m
593 Amsterdam University survey of 1984-5: partly levelled for agriculture and settlement. Sherds noted from OK and NK. The SCA list combines this site with T. Iswid (our 594) and gives coordinates between the two mounds. Details. SCA Sharqiya register 13120033. Brink, in MDAIK 43 (1987), 21: id., 'The Amsterdam University Survey', in Brink, Archaeology of the Nile Delta, 65-114.
Abbuda, K N of Abu Hummus 31 08 04N
30 20 39E
100 x 60 x 3m
372 The small remaining tell under a cemetery is only a fragment of the larger erased mound, about 190m across, visible on CORONA images of 1968. Visited by Penny Wilson in 2005 and drill-cores taken. Details and photos SCA Beheira register no. 100146, under name spelled 'Abwereh'. SoE 1:100,000 (1916). Wilson, P., The West Delta Regional Survey, Beheira and Kafr el-Sheikh Provinces, 127-30, 353-5.
Abd, K el- SW of Abu Hummus 31 01 51N
30 12 37E
393 Shown on the 1914 map as a small mound. This location is now cultivated land just north of a small village. SCA Beheira register no. 100115 (as Abied). SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916). See also 1882 1:200,000 SoE map (reproduced in Spencer, P., 'Hogarth's 1895 Report to the EEF Committee', Studies in Ancient Egypt in Honour of H.S. Smith (London 1999), 310, fig.3.
Abdu Basha 6km SE of Kafr ed Dauwar 31 04 47N
30 09 17E
52 x 38m (2018)
621 This is a mound partly overbuilt by the village of Ezbet Abdu Pasha. Details and photos. SoE 1:100,000 (1916). SCA Beheira register no. 100147. See more on details page.
Abiad, El K el- NW of K el-Hisn 30 48 47N
30 33 17E
22 Marked on the 1914 map. A semicircle in the field pattern on satellite imagery (2020) shows the former location.. SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Abiad, T el- 6km SE of Husseiniya 30 48 18N
31 57 00E
100 x 100 x 1m
540 Amsterdam University survey 1984-5: Up to 1975 the site covered 10 feddans, but since erased except for a long narrow strip used as a path between the fields. Details SCA Sharqiya register 13060028. SoE 1:25,000 series, 89/705; Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff., 21, 23.
Abqaein, T el- 5km SE of Hosh Isa 30 53 00N
30 19 40E
500 x 350m
297 In 1903, was a double mound, each 150m diameter and 6m maximum height. Blocks of Ramesses II. Liverpool University concession 1995- Details SCA Beheira register no. 100216 (position incorrect on SCA map). PM IV, 50. Daressy, ASAE 5 (1905), 129-30; Habachi, ASAE 52 (1954), 482-4; Bernand, Delta Grecs, 1, pt.4, 1043-4. S. Thomas, in MDAIK 56 (2000), 371-6. Trampier, J. 2014. Landscape Archaeology of the Western Nile Delta, 89-108.
Abu Adma, K E of Fuwa 31 17 40N
30 36 20E
236 Marked on the 1914 map as a Tell of 380 x 180m. Still extant on CORONA photographs of 1968 as a long, thin mound 350 x 90m. The 1914 map shows another unnamed Tell about 900m to the east and 400 x 220m in size, reduced to 300 x 200 on Corona images and now the location of a cemetery. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); ESA 1996 1:50,000 map NH36-M2c, near near Ez. Tuwaybna.
Abu Aggur, K S of Abu Hummus 30 58 50N
30 21 07E
436 This mound is shown on the 1914 map, close to Kom Ruhaiyim (435). Now levelled to cultivation beside a small settlement. SCA Beheira register no. 100104. SoE 1:50,000(1914; 1:100,000 (1916).
Abu Akim, T
(Ziraah 8 Bahr el-Baqar)
E of Husseiniya 30 50 48N
32 05 07E
part levelled
211 A rectangular patch of wasteland in 2004. Reduced by 2010, and completely covered by excavation trenches in February 2016, probably a prelude to disposal of the land. Listed by the SCA under the name 'Zaraa 8 Bahr el-Baqar'. Details SCA Sharqiya register 13060051, as 'Ziraah 8 Bahr el-Baqar'. Indicated on Plan 4 in Bietak, Tell ed-Daba, II.
Abu Ali 15km SE of Hosh Isa 30 50 05N
30 25 21E
much reduced
629 Shown on the SoE 1:100,000 (1916) map as a large mound on what was then desert. There  remain only two small mounds, one at the coordinates indicated; the other at 30 49 53N 30 25 43E. Survey in 2007-8 by J. Trampier. SCA Beheira register no. 100232.
Trampier, J. 2014. Landscape Archaeology of the Western Nile Delta, 140-50, 158-9, 161-3, 165.
Abu Atya - - - - See Abu Ismail (387). SCA Beheira register no. 100105.
Abu Aziz, T 5km NW of Avaris 30 50 24N
31 47 54E
567 Indicated as an unnamed long, thin mound with a SW to NE orientation on the 1914 map. Visible on 1968 CORONA images in the same alignment. Amsterdam University survey of 1984-5 reported the extent as 500 x 150m and 2.5m high. No clear features or datable sherds. Since levelled completely to cultivation. SoE SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:25,000 series, 90/690; Brink, MDAIK43 (1986), 7ff., 22; Indicated on Plan 4 in Bietak, Tell ed-Daba, II.
Abu Billo, K 4km NW of Zawiyet Razin 30 25 44N
30 49 03E
1000 x 700m
729 A sandy mound, cut in two by a canal. Site of ancient Terenuthis. Built features show on satellite imagery, especially on the part east of the canal. Details SoE 1:100,000 (1916).
Abu Daoud, T 12km NNW of Kafr Saqr 30 54 43N
31 34 27E
110 x 60 x 3m, part levelled
572 Archaic site. Noted by Chlodnicki and Fattovich in 1992 as destroyed by modern settlement. Early Dynastic and OK sherds noted by Amsterdam University survey, 1985. Satellite imagery shows a mound covered by a modern cemetery within the town. SCA Unregistered site no. 130009. SoE 1:25,000 series, 90/675; Brink, in Krzyzaniak et al., Studies in African Archaeology, 4, 279ff.; id., MDAIK 43 (1987), 7-31; id., 'The Amsterdam University Survey', in Brink, Archaeology of the Nile Delta, 65-114. See Chlodnicki and Fattovich, in CRIPEL 14 (1992), 50.
Abu Dimein, K S of Kafr ed-Dauwar 30 57 53N
30 05 50E
408 On the 1914 map this is just the east end of Tell el-Mittabish (409). CORONA images show this situation persisted to the 1960s. Later satellite imagery (down to 2020) shows remnants of Kom Dimein as a separate small patch of 60 x 30m in the fields immediately south of the flattened and overbuilt Tell el-Mittabish. SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:100,000 (1916).
Abu Eid (Heit), T Near Simbellawein 30 45 10N
31 21 30E
495 Map co-ordinates approximate. Originally three mounds with Roman material but these have been levelled and overbuilt. Details Koms à Sebakh: 11; Foucart, in ASAE 2 (1901), 71-3; Friedman and Buck,  forthcoming.
Abu el Afrita el Kebir, T SW of Abu Hummus 30 56 26N
30 14 31E
210 x 150m (2006)
424 Flat around the edges, with a high core covered by cross-tracks. Modern tombs on the south part, with houses further south. CORONA photographs show that the mound was larger in the 1960s. SCA Beheira register no. 100214. SoE 1:100,000 (1916); ESA 1996 1:50,000 map NH36-I4c.
Abu el Afrita es Saghir, T SW of Abu Hummus 30 56 26N
30 14 17E
120 x 50m
419 This site shows as a small mound remnant among cultivated fields on satellite images. It lies about 350m west of T Abu el-Afrita el-Kebir. SCA Beheira register no. 100213. SoE 1:100,000 (1916). 
Abu el Filus, T - - - - see Rushdi, Ezbet (580) -
Abu el Galuf, K NW of Biyala 31 13 12N 
31 08 31E
140 x 140m 105 Small mound covered by a modern cemetery. CORONA imagery shows the site was no larger in the 1960s, but was clear of overbuilding. SoE 1:100,000 (1916)
Abu el Gheraniq S of Kafr ed-Dauwar 31 03 21N
30 11 40E
694 A levelled mound, already partly overbuilt by houses by 1914, and now completely so, with a cemetery at the SE. SCA Beheira register no. 100102. SoE 1:50,000 (1914; 1:100,000 (1916) under the name K. el-Magayir (but different from any of the three sites of this name  in the SCA list).
Abu el Gudur, T S of Kafr ed-Dauwar 30 55 31N
30 08 30E
300 x 250 x 3m (2002)
406 Visited by Penny Wilson for the Delta Survey in 2004. Low and sandy, used for industry. Satellite imagery shows that the industrial use of the site expanded between 2004 and 2016.
Details and photos
SCA Beheira register no. 100212. SoE 1:100,000 (1916).; ESA 1996 1:50,000 map NH36-I4c. P Spencer, in Studies on Ancient Egypt in Honour of H S Smith (EES 1999), 306, 310-11.
Abu el-Halyat, T 1 km S of Abu el-Shequq 30 48 52N
31 35 58E
distributed over 430 x 280m
735 Three low mounds separated by fields in 2012. West mound overbuilt by modern cemetery, others lie 300m to the east and are clear. Pottery from Naqada III to the 4th dynasty. Jucha, M.A.. 2011,  'Tell Abu el-Halyat. The new Naqada III - Old Kingdom (?) site in the northeastern Nile Delta', Studies in Ancient Art and Civilization, 15, 65-75.
Abu el Humar el Kebir, K S of Damanhur 30 56 21N
30 28 41E
280 x 300m (2003)
292 Included in area of Coulson and Leonard Naukratis survey. Visited by Neal Spencer in 2003. This mound is now known simply as Kom Abu Humar. Details SCA Beheira register no. 100126. Shown on map by Coulson, in Brink, Archaeology of the Nile Delta, 260. See Wilson, P. and Spencer, N., 'Ancient sites of Beheira and Kafr es-Sheikh', in EA 24 (Spring 2004), 10-11.
Abu el Humar es Saghir, K S of Damanhur 30 55 32N
30 28 53E
293 Shown on the 1914 map with a diameter of some 400m, but already levelled before the 1960s CORONA photography was taken. SoE 1:50,000 (1914).
Abu el Ida, K  S of Kafr ed-Dauwar 30 56 24N
30 05 02E
100 x 70m in 1996
403 Now (2004) only an area of raised land, overbuilt by a town. Details SCA Beheira register no. 100230. SoE 1:100,000 (1916); 1996 ESA 1:50,000 map, sheet NH36-I4c. P Spencer, in Studies on Ancient Egypt in Honour of H S Smith (EES 1999), 306, 310-11.
Abu el Liban, T - - - - see Habrash, T (550) -
Abu el Matamir, K W of Hosh Isa 30 54 50N
30 10 10E
454 Overbuilt by the town of same name. In the north-west part of the town is a large modern cemetery on a mound. SoE 1:100,000 (1916); ESA 1996 1:50,000 map NH36-I4c.
Abu el Rus, T 7km SE of Faqus 30 43 00N
31 52 30E
538 Included in Amsterdam University survey, 1984-5. Levelled c.1970. Few human bones and limestone chips noted in fields, with Saite and possibly also some Ptolemaic sherds. Formerly covered 4 feddans, now lies on the south edge of a town. SoE 1:25,000 series, 88/690; Indicated on Plan 4 in Bietak, Tell ed-Daba, II. Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 20. 
Abu el Sobh, T 6.5km N of Faqus 30 48 32N
31 48 41E
532 Shown on the SoE 1:50,000 (1914) map as Kom es-Safra, 700m SW of El-Ghazali village. Amsterdam University survey 1984-5 reported site had been levelled c. 1950 and covered by an orchard. Three limestone blocks and one of granite on the site in 1984-5 suggest some monumental building. Romano-Coptic sherds.  SCA Sharqiya register 13120030 under the name Tell Ghazali (EES 666). SoE 1:50,000 (1914); 1:25,000 series, 89/690; Brink, MDAIK 43 (1987), 7ff., 21, uses the name Tell Abu el-Sobh.
Abu ez-Zarazir, T S of Damanhur 30 51 23N
30 26 38E
445 Minor remnants at the SE side of a settlement. Overbuilding had begun in the 1960s and has since extended. SCA Beheira register no. 100201. SoE 1:100,000 (1916). On sketch map by Coulson, in Brink, Archaeology of the Nile Delta, 260.
Abu Gereida, T E of Fariskur - - - See Sakharin, EES no. 329. -
Abu Hireiz, K S of Abu Hummus 30 55 40N
30 16 29E
small traces
434 A mound that shows on CORONA imagery of 1968 has since been cut back to a square remnant. There is another small mound at 30 55 40N 30 16 29E. SCA Beheira register no. 100231. SoE 1:100,000 (1916).

Back to top          ABU-AHM