An international workshop

The concept of Orientalism was developed by the literary scholar Edward Said who, in his seminal work Orientalism (1978), defined it as "the corporate institution for dealing with the Orient – dealing with it by making statements about it, authorizing views of it, describing it, by teaching it, settling it, ruling over it : in short, Orientalism [is] a Western style for dominating, restructuring, and having authority over the Orient". Said's Orientalism dedicates only a minimal space to ancient history. His short discussions of Aeschylus's Persians, Euripides' Bacchae and Herodotus' Histories (p.21, 56-58) are meant to root Orientalist representations in the ancient Greek world. Said's superficial treatment of this important topic represents a weakness within his work. Yet this alone cannot explain why, if we exclude the field of reception studies, his concept and the scholarly debates it triggered have so far had a much more limited impact on the work of historians of the ancient Mediterranean than they have on other disciplines within the Humanities and Social Sciences. This phenomenon must be understood as the symptom of a belated engagement with (if not a certain resistance to) postcolonial theory within the field and, as Phiroze Vasunia pointed out regarding Classics, of its "failure to acknowledge [its] colonial genealogy". Nevertheless, the relevance of Orientalism to the study of ancient Mediterranean history expresses itself on two, interconnected levels that have profound socio-cultural implications: Our understanding of ancient imperialisms and dynamics of "Othering"; our grasp of the interconnectedness of modern historiography, imperialism, and modern identity-making. While things are slowly starting to change, a great deal of work remains to be done.

Forty years after the release of Orientalism, this Cairo-based workshop will bring together scholars from the Middle East, Europe, and North America, in order to reflect on the many ways in which Orientalism has shaped the field of "Classics" and its relationship to Egypt's territory, history, and heritage.

Speakers:

Prof Fayza Haikal, American University of Cairo, Egypt

Prof Usama Ali Gad, Ain Shams University, Egypt

Dr Heba Hesham Abdel Gawad

Prof Myrto Malouta, Ionian University, Corfu, Greece

Prof Mohamed el Maghrabi, University of Alexandria, Egypt

Prof Roberta Mazza, University of Manchester, UK

Organizers:

Prof Katherine Blouin (University of Toronto), Prof Usama Ali Gad (Ain Shams University), Prof Rachel Mairs (University of Reading), and Essam Nagy (The Egypt Exploration Society)