from Saad Zaghlul to Nasser, 1922-1952

5-6pm (UK) / 6-7pm (Egypt) | This lecture will be recorded, register to be sent a video link

Frenchmen directed Egypt’s Antiquities Service from its founding in 1858, while Britons conquered the country in 1882 and ruled it as an informal and then a formal protectorate. The 1919 national revolt led by Saad Zaghlul kicked off a struggle for independence that lasted into the 1950s. In 1922, Great Britain conceded partial independence and Carnarvon’s and Carter’s discovery of Tutankhamun’s tomb increased nationalist determination to reclaim their pharaonic heritage. In 1952, Nasser’s revolution ended 94 years of French direction of the Antiquities Service, and four years later, his diplomatic victory in the Suez War brought the European colonial era in Egypt to an abrupt end.

Dr Donald Malcolm Reid is professor emeritus, Department of History, Georgia State University, and affiliate faculty, Department of Near Eastern Languages and Civilization, University of Washington. He received his first research fellowship from the American Research Center in Egypt (ARCE) in 1966-67 and is currently a board member of ARCE’s Northwest Chapter. His publications include Contesting Antiquity in Egypt: Archaeologies, Museums, and the Struggle for Identities from World War I to Nasser (2015); Whose Pharaohs? Archaeology, Musuems, and Egyptian National Identity from Napoleon to World War I (2002); and Cairo University and the Making of Modern Egypt (1990).

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