Abstract

An insight into the conceptualization of fire in ancient Egyptian texts
Jessica Knebel (Johannes Gutenberg-University Mainz)

Fire is mentioned in various ancient Egyptian texts, showcasing an ambiguous role. While some written sources indicate the light or protection function, others focus on the destructive or punitive connotation of fire. In addition, fire is used within metaphors and similes, for example as verbalization of speech, or emotions.

This paper, which is based on my PhD project within the research training group 1876 ‘Early Concepts of Humans and Nature: universal, specific, interchanged’, aims to investigate the conceptions of a single ancient Egyptian word belonging to the conceptual field ‘fire’, namely .t. Apart from a general introduction to my PhD project, the lecture will explore the different contexts and usages of .t. Furthermore, the talk will outline a few reconstructed concepts of fire in textual sources, with an emphasis on metaphors and the underlying symbolism. Approaches from lexical-semantics and cognitive linguistics are employed to frame the analysis.


‘The Souls and Shadows Receive Him. The Firmament approaches the Netherworld’: Sunshades, Feathers, and the Doors of Heaven
Mennah Aly (Helwan University) and Henry Bohun (Lampeter University)

In the Book of Caverns concluding tableau in the Merenptah template, the birth of the sun god announcing the opening of Heaven's Doors happens between two rows of sunshades ‘šwt’ and ‘b’ birds.

The relationship between sunshades and b birds with the sky gates is known from other funerary attestations, and further assured by the appearance of the solar deity and the dead as b and šwt at sunrise.

This research aims to understand the religious significance of b and šwt at the opening of Heaven's Doors, and how divinities associated with them play an important role in the continuous rebirth of the sun. The paper examines how royal smiting scenes incorporating identical motifs, connect the king with sunrise. This study aims to discuss the origin and wider implication of sunshades/feather fans in these attestations, connecting them symbolically and etymologically beyond these contexts to nature and the social-political sphere.


The Teaching of Khety in Context: A Study of the Colophon of P. Turin CGT 54019
Judith Jurjens (Leiden University) 

The paper will present the colophon of P. Turin CGT 54019, a papyrus, recently published by the present author, containing an excerpt of the literary text The Teaching of Khety, also known as The Satire of the Trades. The colophon is unfortunately badly preserved. It mentions the mortuary temple of Ramses III at Medinet Habu. The fact that this temple is mentioned is noticeable, because locations are seldom brought up in colophons of literary texts (unlike administrative documents where they are more common). In my presentation I will analyze the instances where they do occur, in order to reconstruct (part of) the original text of the colophon, now lost. Information thus gathered will give insights into the social context in which a literary text like The Teaching of Khety was produced.


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